Summary Abstract Index, By Titles

All abstracts below have been submitted to the site and are available as hyperlinks. Following the title is a code letter indicating the section to which the abstract was submitted. (The following hyperlink connects to the section's author index.)

List of Abstracts received so far, by title:

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  1. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in Mimulus guttatus. - RUVINSKY, JESSICA* AND DAVID ACKERLY. [E]
  2. Adaptive radiation of elepidote rhododendrons in the post-Miocene Himalaya: evidence from RNA polymerase III intron sequence data. - DENTON, AMY L.* AND BENJAMIN D. HALL. [S]
  3. Additional evidence of monophyly, paraphyly, and polyphyly in genera of Theaceae. - PRINCE, LINDA M. [S]
  4. Addressing and raising new systematic questions in the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) with matK sequence data. - HILU, KHIDIR W.* AND LAWRENCE A. ALICE. [S]
  5. Age and diversification and their implications for historical biogeography of Polemoniaceae. - PORTER, J. MARK* AND LEIGH A. JOHNSON. [S]
  6. Aims and prospects for the global biodiversity studies of Bryophytes, Hornworts and Lichens. - MEIJER, WILLEM. [L]
  7. Algal layer thickness in Parmelia sulcata as an environmental indicator. - BENNETT, JAMES P. [L]
  8. Alignment and analysis of noncoding cpDNA sequences: implications of molecular evolution for phylogeny estimation. - KELCHNER, SCOT A. [S]
  9. Amaranthus rudis and A. tuberculatus-- One species or two? - PRATT, DONALD B.* AND LYNN G. CLARK. [S]
  10. Analysis of nitrogen, carbon, and water use by Lobaria oregana, a cephalodiate lichen at the Wind River Canopy Crane site. - ANTOINE, MARIE E.* AND WILLIAM E. WINNER. [L]
  11. Analyzing checklists and using collections data to investigate plant diversity: An examination of five florulas from northeastern South America. - CLARKE, H. DAVID* AND VICKI FUNK. [S]
  12. Anatomical features of Aratitiyopea (Xyridaceae). - CAMPBELL, LISA M.*, DENNIS WM. STEVENSON, AND GUSTAVO A. ROMERO-GONZáLEZ. [D]
  13. Anatomical studies of Amborella. - CARLQUIST, S. AND EDWARD L. SCHNEIDER.* [D]
  14. Anatomically preserved gymnosperms from the Late Devonian of Ireland. - KLAVINS, SHARON D. [F]
  15. Anatomy, ultrastructure and physiology of hornwort stomata: an evaluation of homology. - LUCAS, JESSICA R.* AND KAREN S. RENZAGLIA. [D]
  16. Ant-protection against herbivory and evolution of myrmecophytism in the genus Tococa (Melastomataceae). - MICHELANGELI, FABIAN A.
  17. Antibodies to Brassica sperm recognize diverse cell types and gametes. - BAINBRIDGE, TROY*, KEVIN CURRAN, SARAH SHAW, AND DARLENE SOUTHWORTH. [D]
  19. Artocarpus phylogenetics and AFLP genetic fingerprinting of breadfruit cultivars Artocarpus altilis. - ZEREGA (1,2), NYREE J.CONARD*, DIANE RAGONE (3), AND TIMOTHY J. MOTLEY (1). [S]
  20. Ascorbic acid serves as precursor for oxalate synthesis in calcium oxalate idioblasts of Yucca torreyi in liquid root culture. - HORNER, HARRY T.*, ALBERT P. KAUSCH, AND BRUCE L. WAGNER. [D]
  21. Assessment of ISSR band homology by southern hybridization with implications for data analysis and microsatellite development. - DATWYLER, SHANNON L.* AND ANDREA D. WOLFE. [G]
  22. Auxin Distribution in Pisum sativum Shoot Apical Meristems. - SUN, XIAOYONG AND ROGER D. MEICENHEIMER.* [D]
  23. Barbara McClintock, *Botanist, Cytologist, Geneticist. - KASS, LEE B. [H-symposium]
  24. Biogeographic relationships between western North American and Mediterranean floras: insights from molecular phylogenetic studies of tribe Loteae (Faboideae: Fabaceae). - ALLAN, GERARD J.*, ELIZABETH A. ZIMMER, AND WARREN W. WAGNER. [S]
  25. Biology and conservation of the Ophioglossaceae-A tribute to Warren "Herb" Wagner: symposium abstract. - FARRAR, DONALD R.*, CINDY L. JOHNSON-GROH, AND WARREN D. HAUK. [O-symposium]
  26. Biology and evolution of the Fossombroniineae. - CRANDALL-STOTLER, BARBARA. [L]
  27. Biology Student Workbench: Resources for Bioinformatics in the Classroom, The. - DONOVAN, SAM. [T-symposium]
  28. Biosystematic investigation of the rare, disjunct, rockhouse fern Thelypteris pilosa var. alabamensis (Thelypteridaceae: Stegnogramma). - WATKINS, JR., JAMES E.* AND DONALD R. FARRAR. [O]
  29. Biosystematics of Harveya Hook.(Orobanchaceae): preliminary studies. - RANDLE, CHRISTOPHER PATRICK. [S]
  30. Biotic soil crusts of the Columbia River Basin: landscape level variation in community composition. - PONZETTI, JEANNE* AND BRUCE MCCUNE. [L]
  31. Black, English, Royal, or Paradox? - developing molecular markers for walnut (Juglans) species, cultivars, and hybrids. - POTTER, DANIEL* AND FANGYOU GAO. [E]
  32. Botanical informatics and full text indexing, compression, and retrieval. - WILSON, HUGH D. [S]
  33. Botanical nomenclature: on the threshold of major change? - MCNEILL, JOHN. [S-symposium]
  34. Botany in the Age of Mendel: A Symposium in Honor of the Centennial of the Rediscovery of Mendel, and the 50th Year Anniversary of the Publication of G.L. Stebbins's Variation and Evolution in Plants. - SMOCOVITIS, VASSILIKI BETTY. [H-symposium]
  35. Breeding system evolution in the genus Thalictrum (meadow rue) Ranunculaceae. - BRUNET, JOHANNE* AND AARON LISTON. [E]
  36. Breeding system of Ziziphus celata Judd and D. Hall (Rhamnaceae), a rare endemic shrub of the Lake Wales Ridge, Florida: implications for recovery, The. - WEEKLEY, CARL W.* AND TAMMERA RACE. [E]
  37. Bryophytes of the Alabama Black Belt chalklands. - MILLER, DONNA H.*, HARVEY A. MILLER, SHILOH JONES,, AND PAUL SPARKMAN. [L]
  38. Campanulaceae systematics based on four chloroplast DNA markers. - OESTREICH, ANDREA*, LINDA A RAUBESON, MARY E COSNER, AND ROBERT K JANSEN. [S]
  40. Causes and consequences of reproductive isolation between two sympatric Gelsemium species. - PASCARELLA, JOHN B. [E]
  41. Cell lineage of vein formation in variegated leaves of the C4 grass Stenotaphrum secundatum. - SUD, RUCHIRA M.* AND NANCY G. DENGLER. [D]
  42. Chemical characteristics of five fossil conifer species from the Miocene Clarkia Flora, Emerald Creek, Idaho, USA. - OTTO, ANGELIKA*, WILLIAM C. REMBER, AND BERND R. T. SIMONEIT. [F]
  43. Chloranthaceous inflorescence with pollen in situ from the Middle Eocene of Germany, A. - WILDE, VOLKER*, HERBERT FRANKENHAEUSER, AND BIRGIT NICKEL. [F]
  44. Chloroplast DNA sequences confirm the placement of Oceanopapaver within the Grewioideae (Tiliaceae or Malvaceae s.l.). - WHITLOCK, BARBARA A.*, KENNETH G. KAROL, AND WILLIAM S. ALVERSON. [S]
  45. Circumscription of the Dicranaceae (Bryopsida), with special emphasis on the subfamily Dicranoideae Based on cp DNA: trnL and rps4, The. - LA FARGE, CATHERINE. [L]
  46. Cloning and characterization of fatty acid desaturase genes from bermudagrass (Cynodon spp). - CYRIL, JENITH*, GARY POWELL, AND WM. VANCE BAIRD. [G]
  47. Closest living relative to seed plants: insights from four genes and morphology, The. - PRYER, KATHLEEN M.Ý*, HARALD SCHNEIDERÝ, ALAN R. SMITHý, PAUL G. WOLF§, RAYMOND C. CRANFILLý, JEFFREY S. HUNTÝ, AND SEDONIA D. SIPES§. [S]
  48. Codon Usage in Green Plants: an Analysis Using rbcL. - WALL, DENNIS P.* AND JOSH T. HERBECK. [G]
  49. Coevolution of symbiotic associations within peltigerous lichens (Peltigerineae, Ascomycota). - MIADLIKOWSKA, JOLANTA* AND FRANÇOIS LUTZONI. [L]
  50. Comparative anatomy of the New World succulent Euphorbia(Euphorbiaceae). - STEINMANN, VICTOR W. [D]
  51. Comparative embryology of two New Zealand forest giants, Prumnopitys taxifolia and P.ferruginea (Podocarpaceae). - SALTER, JOSHUA* AND JOHN E. BRAGGINS. [D]
  52. Comparative studies of reaction norms in Arabidopsis: evolution of response to coarse and fine grained environmental variation in Scandinavian haplotypes. - PIGLIUCCI, MASSIMO*, HEIDI POLLARD, AND MITCHELL CRUZAN. [E]
  53. Comparison of bryoflora and geograpical elements between Racomitrium and Grimmia in China. - CAO, TONG*, SHUILIANG GUO, AND CHIEN GAO. [L]
  54. Comparison of the lichens on deciduous and non-deciduous oaks, A. - BRATT, CHARIS C.* AND DANIEL LAHR. [L]
  55. Concentration of Saturated Palmitic and Stearic Fatty Acids in Achene Oil of a Population of Wild Helianthus annuus. - SEILER, GERALD J. [C]
  56. Confirmation and characteristics of the hybrid origin of Opuntia prolifera through RAPD analyses. - MAYER, MICHAEL S.*, JON P. REBMAN1, AND LAURA M. WILLIAMS. [S]
  57. Congruence and convergence in the moss family Calymperaceae: phylogenetic analysis of
  58. Developmentally-dependent interactions between mayapple, Podophyllum pelatum L. (Berberidaceae) and its associated mycorrhizal fungi. - WATSON, MAXINE A.* AND CYNTHIA S. JONES. [E]
  59. Genetics at the Missouri Botanical Garden. - KLEINMAN, KIM J. [H-symposium]
  60. Halophytic fungi from an inland salt playa of the Great Basin. - WEBER, DARRELL J., WILFORD M. HESS*, BULQUES GUL, M. AJMAL KHAN, AND SAM ST. CLAIR. [E]
  61. Patterns of extreme specificity in the monotropoid mycorrhizal symbiosis. - BIDARTONDO, MARTIN I.* AND THOMAS D. BRUNS. [E]
  62. Professional societies and promotion of the biological sciences: Will this be the "Century of Biology?". - ANDERSON, GREGORY J. [S-symposium]
  63. Symposium: Scientific Outreach for the Next Millennium. - WOLFE, ANDREA D. [S-symposium]
  64. Variation in the expression of developmental and phenological traits in mayapple, Podophyllum pelatum L. (Berberidaceae). - WATSON, MAXINE A.*, CYNTHIA S. JONES, AND YING LU. [E] two chloroplast genes (rbcL and rps4) and Morphology . - WHEELER, JOHN A.*, DENNIS P. WALL, KIRSTEN JOHANNES, AND BRENT D. MISHLER. [S]
  65. Congruence of molecular phylogenies and the Early Cretaceous angiosperm record. - DOYLE, JAMES A. [F]
  66. Conservation genetics of Astragalus oniciformis, The. - ALEXANDER, JASON A.*, AARON LISTON, AND STEVE POPOVICH. [S]
  67. Conservation of rare plants on public lands. - AHLENSLAGER, KATHLEEN E. [O-symposium]
  68. Conservation priorities for North American bryophytes and lichens: A progress report. - WEAKLEY, ALAN S.*, MELISSA M. KARANOSKY, AND LARRY E. MORSE. [L]
  69. Conservation status of Botrychium in the Upper Great Lakes. - MATULA, COLLEEN F. [O-symposium]
  70. Conservation Status of Ophioglossaceae in the Southeastern United States, The. - WATKINS, JR., JAMES E.* AND J. DAN PITTILLO. [O-symposium]
  71. Conservation status of Ophioglossaceae in the western United States. - ZIKA, PETER* AND KATHLEEN E. AHLENSLAGER. [O-symposium]
  72. Conservation status of Ophioglossaceae in southern Alaska, The. - STENSVOLD, MARY CLAY. [O-symposium]
  73. Conservation Status of the Ophioglossaceae in the Northeast. - MONTGOMERY, JAMES D. [O-symposium]
  74. Construction of a putA -GUS reporter gene for insertion in the nitrogen fixing symbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum. - STRAUB, PETER F. [P]
  75. Contribution of the lichen symbiosis to the diversification of ascomycetes: A new approach to determining confidence levels for ancestral character states. - LUTZONIÝ, FRANCOIS*, MARK PAGELý, AND VALERIE REEBÝ¥. [S]
  76. Correlation of overcompensation and the breaking of apical dominance in Phaseolus aureus . - MIKESELL, JAN E. [D]
  77. "Coverage Dilemma": Can we make room for learning-centered and inquiry-oriented pedagogies with educational technology, The. - BUCKLEY, DONALD. [T-symposium]
  78. Cryptospore record indicates a Cambrian origin for land plants, The. - STROTHER, PAUL K. [F]
  79. Dark induced secondary dormancy in seeds from a Silene latifolia meta population. - PERONI, PATRICIA A.*, JAMES W. WHITE, ALLISON A. CALDWELL, LAURAN HALPIN, AND ADAH WALKER. [E]
  80. Data partition analysis of noncoding sequence evolution in Bontia and Myoporaceae, A. - KELCHNER, SCOT A.*, RANDALL J. BAYER, ROBERT J. CHINNOCK, MICHAEL D. CRISP, AND JUDY G. WEST. [S]
  81. Development of peltate glandular trichomes of peppermint. - TURNER, GLENN W.* AND RODNEY B. CROTEAU. [D]
  82. Developmental differences between ray and disc achenes in heteromorphic species of Prionopsis and Heterotheca. - GIBSON, J. PHIL. [D]
  83. Developmental leaf spots. - KORN, ROBERT W. [D]
  84. Differences in epiphytic lichen communities and biomass among forest stand types in the Blue River watershed of western Oregon. - BERRYMAN, SHANTI D.* AND BRUCE MCCUNE. [L]
  85. Dipsacales phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA sequences. - BELL, CHARLES D.* AND MICHAEL J. DONOGHUE. [S]
  86. Disentangling moss species limitations: the role of substrate specificity. - CLEAVITT, NATALIE L. [L]
  87. Distribution of Ptychomitrium muelleri (Mitt.) Jaeg. with its synonyms. - CAO, TONG*, SHUILIANG GUO, AND WEI SHA. [L]
  88. Does hybridization play a role in the morphological similarity between Physalis arenicola (Solanaceae) and a co-occurring, closely related species? - WHITSON, MARY KATHRYN. [S]
  89. Does larval pollen diet influence host-flower selection in solitary bees? - DOBSON, HEIDI E. M.* AND MANFRED AYASSE. [E]
  90. Dogwood decline in the urban New York Botanical Garden Forest. - MORRISON, JANET A. [E]
  91. Dormancy-breaking and germination requirements for seeds of Symphoricarpos orbibculatus (Caprifoliaceae). - HIDAYATI1, SITI, N.*, JERRY, M. BASKIN1, AND CAROL, C. BASKIN1, 2. [E]
  92. Dung and carcasses, the ultimate habitat within the dung-moss family (Splachnaceae)? Answers from a phylogenetic study based on cp DNA sequence data. - GOFFINET, BERNARD* AND A. JONATHAN SHAW. [S]
  93. Earlier plant flowering as a response to global warming in the Washington, DC, area. - PETERSON1, PAUL M.*, MONES ABU-ASAB2, STANWYN G. SHETLER1, AND SYLVIA STONE ORLI1. [E]
  94. Earliest occurrence of Medullosa, The. - MAPES, GENE*, KEQIN SUN, MICHAEL KRINGS, GAR W. ROTHWELL, AND ROYAL H. MAPES. [F]
  95. Ecological dynamics of Eocene Lake Florissant, Colorado. - TAGGART, RALPH E. AND AUREAL T. CROSS.* [F]
  96. Ecological genetics of adaptation and speciation: Merging the old and the new. - SCHEMSKE, DOUGLAS W. [Z-symposium]
  97. Ecology and Management of Trifolium Bolanderi Gray. in the Central Sierra Nevada. - DENTON, RENEE GENEVIEVE* AND RAYMOND D. RATLIFF. [E]
  98. Ecology and population biology of Ophioglossum pusillum in New England. - MCMASTER, ROBERT T. [E]
  99. Educational outreach activities of the Botanical Society of America. - REINSVOLD, ROBERT J.* AND DAVID W. KRAMER. [T]
  100. Effect of bracteoles on the seeds of two species of Atriplex. - UNGAR, IRWIN A.* AND M. AJMAL KHAN. [E]
  101. Effects of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide on micro-arthropod populations of the Shortgrass Steppe. - WHITTEMORE-OLSON, A. A.*, A. MOSIER, AND JOHN C. MOORE. [E]
  102. Effects of gap characters on sequence-based phylogenetic analyses. - SIMMONS, MARK PITKIN* AND HELGA OCHOTERENA. [S]
  103. Effects of hormones on wide-band tracheid expression in stems of Anacampseros (Portulacaceae). - LANDRUM, JAMES VICTOR. [D]
  104. Effects of inbreeding and light treatments on the germination responses of Silene latifolia seeds. - WHITE, JAMES W.*, PATRICIA A. PERONI, DAVID E. MCCAULEY, AND CHRISTOPHER M. RICHARDS. [E]
  105. Endemic plant families of Madagascar: integrating taxonomy and conservation. - SCHATZ, GEORGE E.1, CHRISTOPHER BIRKINSHAW2, PORTER P. LOWRY II1,3*, FALY RANDRIANTAFIKA2, AND FIDISOA RATOVOSON2. [S]
  106. Endosperm development in Amborella trichopoda:implications for the origin and early evolution of angiosperm reproductive biology. - FLOYD, SANDRA K.* AND WILLIAM E. FRIEDMAN. [D]
  107. Enigma of pegged and smooth rhizoids in marchantialean hepatics; a functional explanation, The. - DUCKETT, JEFFREY G.*, ROBERTO LIGRONE, NEIL ANDREWS, AND KAREN SUE RENZAGLIA. [L]
  108. Enigmatic Axis from the Triassic of Antarctica, An. - MCMANUS, H. A.*, E. L. TAYLOR, T. N. TAYLOR, AND L. D. BOUCHER. [F]
  109. Epiphytic Bryophytes and Llichens on Sitka Spruce Trees in an Old-growth Redwood Forest. - ELLYSON, WILLIAM J. T.* AND STEPHEN C. SILLETT. [L]
  110. Establishing background ranges and mapping of lichen sulfur, nitrogen and metal concentrations in Pacific Northwest forests. - GEISER, LINDA H. [L]
  111. Estimate of the age of the angiosperm crown group derived from integrated analysis of molecular and paleontological data. - MAGALLóN, SUSANA A.*, MICHAEL J. SANDERSON, JAMES A. DOYLE, AND MARTIN F. WOJCIECHOWSKI. [S]
  112. Estimating polyploidy levels from cell size in Salix leaves. - BUECHLER, WALTER K. [F]
  113. Evaluating GCM outputs for 0ka BP and 6ka BP using the distribution of Sphagnum-dominated peatlands in North America. - GIGNAC, L. DENNIS*, LINDA A. HALSEY, AND DALE H. VITT. [L]
  114. Evaluation of evolutionary relationships in Anacardiaceae using matK sequence data. - PELL, SUSAN K.* AND LOWELL URBATSCH. [S]
  115. Evaluation of sectional delimitations in Fuchsia (Onagraceae) using chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequence data. - BERRY, PAUL E.*, AUSTIN R. MAST, WILLIAM H. HAHN, AND KENNETH J. SYTSMA. [S]
  116. Evolution and speciation in Botrychium. - FARRAR, DONALD R. [O-symposium]
  117. Evolution of eastern Asian and eastern North American plant disjunctions: overview and perspectives from phylogenetic studies, The. - WEN, JUN. [S-symposium]
  118. Evolution of gender dimorphism in Lycium (Solanaceae), The. - MILLER, J. S. [E]
  119. Evolution of Sideritis L. (Lamiaceae) in Macaronesia based on an analysis of chloroplast and nuclear datasets. - BARBER1, JANET C.*, JAVIER FRANCISCO-ORTEGA2, ARNOLDO SANTOS-GUERRA3, AND ROBERT K. JANSEN1. [S]
  120. Evolutionary and biogeographic relationships among the wooly-anthered Penstemons (Scrophulariaceae). - DATWYLER, SHANNON L.* AND ANDREA D. WOLFE. [S]
  121. Evolutionary genomic analyses converge on basal angiosperm phylogeny. - BARKMAN, TODD J., JOEL R. MCNEAL, GORDON CHENERY, AND CLAUDE W. DEPAMPHILIS.* [S]
  122. Evolutionary processes of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes differ from those of nuclear genomes, The. - KORPELAINEN, HELENA. [G]
  123. Evolutionary radiation of the pleurocarpous mosses: phylogenetic analyses incorporating morphological characters with rbcL, rps4 and trnL-trnF sequence data. - NEWTON, ANGELA E.*, CYMON J. COX, EFRAIN DE LUNA, AND LARS HEDENAS. [L]
  124. Evolutionary relationships and biogeography of Isoetesbased on nucleotide sequences. - TAYLOR, W. CARL* AND SARA B. HOOT. [O]
  125. Extinct and extant Hamamelidoideae: phylogeny and character evolution. - MAGALLóN, SUSANA A. [S]
  126. Factors limiting hybridization between Penstemon spectabilis and Penstemon centranthifolius. - CHARI, JEANNIE AND PAUL WILSON.* [S]
  127. Factors limiting the distribution of the sensitive lichen Usnea longissima in the Oregon Coast Range: habitat or dispersal? - KEON, DYLAN B.* AND PATRICIA S. MUIR. [L]
  128. Fate of conserved ribosomal DNA and protein coding gene clusters during the evolution of land plant mitochondrial genomes, The. - DUFF, R. JOEL*, MARK DAVIS, AND ANGELA BOYLE. [G]
  129. Feeding trials of Giant Swallowtail larvae on Rutaceae in south Florida. - JAMESON, ANNEMARIE. [E]
  130. Filmy fern from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina, A. - AXSMITH, BRIAN J.*, MICHAEL KRINGS, AND THOMAS N. TAYLOR. [F]
  131. Flavonoids as chemotaxonomic markers for cultivated Amazonian Erythroxylum . - JOHNSON, EMANUEL L.*, WALTER F. SCHMIDT, AND DONALD COOPER. [C]
  132. Floral development of Chrysobalanus icaco L. and Licania michauxii Prance (Chrysobalanaceae): stamen number and formation of the gynobasic style. - KANTZ, KATHERINE E.* AND SHIRLEY C. TUCKER. [D]
  133. Floral diversification and speciation in Sinningieae inferred from phylogenetic analysis of plastid and nuclear cpGS gene sequences. - PERRET, MATHIEU*, ALAIN CHAUTEMS, RODOLPHE SPICHIGER, AND VINCENT SAVOLAINEN. [S]
  134. Floral morphology and development in Winteraceae. - DOUST, ANDREW, N.L. [D]
  135. Floral primordia complexes in the Engelmanniinae (Asteraceae: Heliantheae). - CLEVINGER, JENNIFER A. AND ELIZABETH M. HARRIS.* [D]
  136. Floral structure of Amborella, the earliest branching extant angiosperm. - ENDRESS, PETER K.* AND ANTON IGERSHEIM. [S]
  138. Floristic survey of Bruno Mire in the central Cascade Range, Oregon, A. - HALSE, RICHARD R.* AND KATHY MERRIFIELD. [E]
  139. Floristics and monography - an uncertain future? - HEYWOOD, VERNON H. [S-symposium]
  140. Flower morphology and floral ecology of Plumbaginaceae. - NICKOL, MARTIN G. [S]
  141. Foliar physiognomic estimates of climate for the latest Cretaceous: comparative sensitivity to transfer function. - SCHERER, JACQUELINE*, GARLAND R. UPCHURCH, JR., GREG H. MACK, AND MARGARET J. KNAUS. [F]
  142. Food webs in saxicolous lichens (Xanthoparmelia ssp.) a comparison of lichen, litter, and soil microhabitats. - TRIPP, BRADLEY B. AND JOHN C. MOORE.* [E]
  143. Formation of phyllotactic patterns in cactus seedlings. - GOLA, EDYTA M. [D]
  144. Four years of epiphyte colonization in Douglas-fir forest canopies. - SILLETT, STEPHEN C.*, BRUCE MCCUNE, JERILYNN E. PECK, AND THOMAS R. RAMBO. [L]
  145. Frontiers in phylogenetic biology. - DONOGHUE, MICHAEL J. [Z-symposium]
  146. Fruit dimorphism and dispersal in Pterostegia drymarioides. - MOORE, LAURA A.*, RASHMI PANT, AND STEVE BOYD. [S]
  147. Gaertnera (Rubiaceae): a rapid radiation based on sequence data from three nuclear DNA sequence data sets. - MALCOMBER, SIMON T.* AND ELIZABETH A. KELLOGG. [S]
  148. Gametophyte and young sporophyte development in the Ophioglossaceae. - WHITTIER, DEAN P. [O-symposium]
  149. Geitonogamy and the evolution of inflorescence design in Asclepias speciosa. - FINER, MATTHEW S* AND MARTIN T MORGAN. [E]
  150. Gene flow in the crop-weed complex of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and jointed goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica Host). - MORRISON, LAURA A.*, LISELE CREMIEUX, ROBERT S. ZEMETRA, OSCAR RIERA-LIZARAZU, AND CAROL MALLORY-SMITH. [G]
  151. Genes, genomes, and plant developmental biology. - MEYEROWITZ, ELLIOT M. [Plenary session]
  152. Genetic differentiation of rare and common varieties of Eriogonum shockleyi (Polygonaceae) in Idaho using ISSR variability. - SMITH, JAMES F.* AND TERRY A. BATEMAN. [S]
  153. Genetic diversity of a rare buttercup. - MISHKIN, MIRAMANNI, SALLIE J HERMAN*, AND LINDA A RAUBESON. [S]
  154. Genetic marker diversity in Hawaiian and Cook Island Tetramolopium (Asteraceae). - WHITKUS, RICHARD* AND TIMOTHY K. LOWREY. [G]
  155. Genetic relationships and variation in populations of Phlox pilosa and P. divaricata (Polemoniaceae) in the Ozarks. - FERGUSON, CAROLYN J.1* AND BARBARA A. SCHAAL2. [S]
  156. Genetics at the Missouri Botanical Garden. - KLEINMAN, KIM J. [H]
  157. Genetics of character evolution. - KELLOGG, ELIZABETH A. [S-symposium]
  158. Genetics of seed abortion and reproductive traits in soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., I. - ALLPHIN, LOREEN*, TATE TISCHNER, KEVIN CHASE †, JIM ORF ‡, FRED ADLER †, AND KARL G. LARK †. [G]
  159. Genetics of seed abortion and reproductive traits in soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., II. - TISCHNER, TATE*, LOREEN ALLPHIN, KEVIN CHASE †, JIM ORF ‡, AND KARL G. LARK †. [G]
  160. Genus Botrychium (Ophioglossaceae) in the interior of Alaska – Herb Wagner’s final conquest, The. - GRANT, JASON R. [O]
  161. Genus Fossombronia Raddi in North America, north of Mexico, The. - BRAY JR., JAMES R. [L]
  162. Geographic variation in morphology and pollinator taxa in Macromeria viridiflora. - BOYD, AMY E. [S]
  163. Germination ecophysiology of the Asian Osmorhiza aristata (Apiaceae), and comparison with its North American congeners. - WALCK, JEFFREY L.1*, NOBUO OKAGAMI2, AND SITI N. HIDAYATI3. [E]
  164. Germination response of Spergularia marina to seasonal changes in temperature and light. - CARTER, CHRISTY TUCKER* AND IRWIN A. UNGAR. [E]
  165. Germination studies on three dwarf shrubs (Vaccinium, Ericaceae) of Northern Hemisphere coniferous forests. - BASKIN, CAROL C.*, PER MILBERG, LARS ANDERSSON, AND JERRY M. BASKIN. [E]
  166. Global climate change: An Earth system perspective. - LEDLEY, TAMARA SHAPIRO. [Z-symposium]
  167. Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase gene in Paeonia (Paeoniaceae): molecular evolution and phylogenetic utility, The. - TANK, DAVID C.* AND TAO SANG. [S]
  168. Gynoecial diversification in Saxifragaceae: clarifying the evolution of epigyny. - SOLTIS, DOUGLAS E.*, LARRY HUFFORD, AND ROBERT K. KUZOFF. [D]
  169. Halophytic fungi from an inland salt playa of the Great Basin. - WEBER, DARRELL J., WILFORD M. HESS*, BULQUES. GUL, M. AJMAL KHAN, AND SAM. ST.CLAIR. [M]
  170. Has ecological specialization driven a fundamental phylogenetic split in the Polypodiales? - CRANFILL, RAYMOND. [O]
  171. Heteroblastic series in leucobryoid mosses, The. - JOHANNES FISHER, KIRSTEN M. [L]
  172. High levels of genetic variation and multiple origins for newly established populations of Hypochaeris tenuifolia (Asteraceae) on Volcan Lonquimay, Chile. - TREMETSBERGER, KARIN, TOD STUESSY*, ROSE SAMUEL, AND CARLOS BAEZA. [S]
  173. Historical biogeography of Banksia and Dryandra (Proteaceae) in Australia's Southwest Botanical Province. - MAST, AUSTIN R.* AND THOMAS J. GIVNISH. [S]
  174. Historical biogeography of neotropical Lauraceae. - CHANDERBALI, ANDRE*, HENK VAN DER WERFF, AND SUSANNE S. RENNER. [S]
  175. Historical biogeography of the Northern Hemisphere symposium abstract. - MANOS, PAUL S.* AND MICHAEL J. DONOGHUE. [S-symposium]
  176. Homoplasy, polyphyly, and generic circumscription: the demise of the Boutelouinae (Gramineae: Chloridoideae). - COLUMBUS, J. TRAVIS*, MICHAEL S. KINNEY, MARIA ELENA SIQUEIROS DELGADO, AND ROSA CERROS TLATILPA. [S]
  177. How sensitive should plants be to cues? Theoretical studies of plastic reproduction schedules. - WONG, THEODORE G.* AND DAVID D. ACKERLY. [E]
  178. How well do pollen corroborate Eocene leaf taxa?--Florissant Formation, Colorado, a case study. - LEOPOLD, ESTELLA B. [F]
  179. Hybridization and putative allotetraploid speciation in Selaginella subg. Tetragonostachys. - THERRIEN, JAMES P.*, MICHAEL D. WINDHAM, AND CHRISTOPHER H. HAUFLER. [O]
  180. Identification and characterization of genes from sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) that are regulated by drought or osmotic stress. - LIU, XIANAN*, AHMED BAHIELDIN, EL-SAYED HASSANEIN, MOHAMED EL-DOMYATI, SHERIF EDRIS, AND WM. VANCE BAIRD. [G]
  181. Identification of restoring and maintaining relationship of male sterile variants of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultured in vitro. - FAN, SHUGUO*, CHENGYE LIANG, AND HONGXIAN LIU. [P]
  182. Impacts of aerial leaf removal on subsequent year reappearance and size of leaves of the daisy leaf moonwort (Botrychium matricariifolium) and the triangle moonwort (Botrychium lanceolatum var. angustisegmentum). - HOEFFERLE, ANN M. [O-symposium]
  183. Implications of chloroplast DNA variation for the evolution of the Macaronesian Endemic genus Pericallis (Asteraceae, Senecioneae). - PARK, SEON-JOO*, JAVIER FRANCISCO-ORTEGA, ARNOLDO SANTOS-GUERRA, JOSE PANERO, AND ROBERT JANSEN. [S]
  184. Impression record history and ecological diversification of Pseudotsuga Carriere (Pinaceae) in western North America during the later half of the Cenozoic, The. - SCHORN, HOWARD E.* AND DIANE M. ERWIN. [F]
  185. In the Trenches: Scientific Outreach from the Perspective of a Working Scientist. - WOLFE, ANDREA D. [S-symposium]
  186. In vitro mutation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) from GMS to CMS. - FAN, SHUGUO*, CHENGYE LIANG, AND HONGXIAN LIU. [P]
  187. Inbreeding depression is variable among populations of rose mallows (Hibiscus species, Malvaceae). - KLIPS, ROBERT A. [E]
  188. Induction of the CAM pathway in the C4 plant,Portulaca grandiflora. - 1GURALNICK, LONNIE J.*, 2MAURICE SB KU, 2GERALD E. EDWARDS, 2VINCENT R. FRANCESCHI, AND 3BRANDON HOCKEMA. [P]
  189. Inference of seed plant phylogeny from multiple chloroplast genes. - GRAHAM, SEAN W*, HARDEEP RAI, PATRICK REEVES, HEATH O'BRIEN, AND RICHARD OLMSTEAD. [S]
  190. Influence of canopy type on the biodiversity of epiphytic lichens and bryophytes in riparian forests. - RUCHTY, ANDREA* AND BRUCE MCCUNE. [L]
  191. Influence of scale-dependent environmental factors on the distribution of cliff moss species. - HALL, CHRISTINA C.* AND JEFFREY C. NEKOLA. [L]
  192. Informatics: new media and paths of data flow. - WILSON, HUGH D. [S-symposium]
  193. Infrageneric classification of Clematis (Ranunculaceae), The. - ESSIG, FREDERICK B.*, JAMES R. GAREY, AND JONATHAN M. SLOMBA. [S]
  194. Insight into the evolution of angiosperms: evidence from matK sequences. - HILU, KHIDIR W*, THOMAS BORSCH2, JENS ROHWER3, CHRISTOPH NEINHUIS2, TRACEY SLOTTA1, BIRGIT GEMEINHOLZER4, MICHAEL WINK4, AND LAWRENCE A. ALICE5. [S]
  195. Integrating ambiguously aligned regions of DNA sequences in phylogenetic analyses without violating positional homology. - LUTZONI, FRANCOIS*, PETER WAGNER, AND VALERIE REEB. [S]
  196. Interactivity on the Internet and interactive learning environments. - RUSSELL, SCOTT D. [T-symposium]
  197. Interspecific pollen competition in a diploid-polyploid hybrid zone in birch (Betula). - WILLIAMS, JOSEPH H., JR.*, WILLIAM E. FRIEDMAN, AND MICHAEL L. ARNOLD. [G]
  198. Introgressive hybridization between native and introduced species of Taraxacum. - KIM, KI-JOONG*, GYE-SOOK HA, AND HAE-LIM LEE. [S]
  199. Investigative Case-Based Learning. - WATERMAN, MARGARET A* AND ETHEL STANLEY. [T-symposium]
  200. Is Trifolium polymorphum native to North America or introduced? - VINCENT, MICHAEL A.* AND KARA M. SHOCKEY. [S]
  201. Isoetes minima A.A. Eaton (Isoetaceae) - an overlooked terrestrial quillwort of the Pacific Northwest. - CESKA, ADOLF* AND OLDRISKA CESKA. [O]
  202. Isolation of closely linked markers for the evolutionary reduction of inner microsporangia within the asteracean genus Microseris. - GAILING, OLIVER*, FRANK R. BLATTNER, AND KONRAD BACHMANN. [G]
  203. Isolation of rice aleurone protoplasts and whole cell patch clamping. - HAY, JORDAN O.*, MIGUEL PINEROS, LEON V. KOCHIAN, AND ROGER M. SPANSWICK. [P]
  204. ITS sequence variation among climbing snapdragons (Veronicaceae): implications for delimiting genera and evaluating crossing data. - ELISENS, WAYNE*, MIA MOLVRAY, PAUL KORES, AND CLAUDE DEPAMPHILIS. [S]
  205. Jaltomata (Solanaceae) of Costa Rica: species delimitation using morphological and ITS sequence variation. - MIONE, THOMAS. [S]
  206. Justification and methods for incorporating gap characters in sequence-based phylogenetic analyses. - OCHOTERENA, HELGA* AND MARK PITKIN SIMMONS. [S]
  207. K-T boundary hiatus, Wasatch Plateau environs, Utah, U.S.A. - CROSS, AUREAL T.* AND MYUNG SUK YI. [F]
  208. Large molecular trnL intron phylogeny of the Gentianales. - POTGIETER, K*, J ROVA, E WALLANDER, V.A ALBERT, AND L STRUWE. [S]
  209. Large-scale phylogeny of flowering plants 1: simple tree-building methods work better. - CHASE, MARK W., VINCENT SAVOLAINEN*, KEI TAKAHASHI, DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS, AND PAMELA S. SOLTIS. [S]
  210. Large-scale phylogeny of flowering plants 2: the faster the better. - CHATROU, LARS, VINCENT SAVOLAINEN*, MARK W. CHASE, MARTYN POWELL, AND YIN-LONG QIU. [S]
  211. Late Devonian forests with the first large trees (Archaeopteris). - SCHECKLER 1, STEPHEN E.*, DONNA L. LINDSAY POSTNIKOFF 2, AND ERIC J. CHAMEROY 1. [F]
  212. Leaf anatomy of three genera of Malagasy mimosoid legumes: adaptations to xeric habitats. - LUCKOW, MELISSA. [D]
  213. Leaf anatomy in Nassella and other South American Stipoid Grasses. - ARRIAGA, MIRTA O.* AND MARY E. BARKWORTH. [D]
  214. Leaf anatomy of the tribe Coccolobeae (Polygonaceae). - FREID, ETHAN. [S]
  215. Leaf structure of Salix species (Salicaceae) endemic to the Lake Athabasca sand dunes of northern Saskatchewan, Canada. - COOPER, RANESSA L.* AND DAVID D. CASS. [D]
  216. LeafLab: A research simulation to foster the students' experience in the process of science. - MICKLE, JAMES E. [T-symposium]
  217. Leaves and fruits of Aesculus antiquorum (Newberry) Iljinskaya (Sapindales) from the Paleocene of North America. . - MANCHESTER, STEVEN R. [F]
  218. Lectotypification of Pleuridium subulatum and P. acuminatum (Bryophyta). - YIP, KWOK LEUNG. [L]
  219. Lessons from the Virtual Herbarium. - GUALA, GERALD F. [S]
  220. Lichen communities of old-growth vs managed forests in the northern Great Lakes states. - WILL-WOLF, SUSAN. [L]
  221. Lichen Conservation: Rare lichens found in Washington state. - GLEW, KATHERINE. [L]
  222. Lichen transplant results pose a treetop paradox. - MCCUNE, BRUCE. [L]
  223. Light intensity as the primary factor for wide-band tracheid initiation and develoment in stems of Anacampseros (Portulacaceae). - LANDRUM, JAMES VICTOR. [D]
  224. Living within boundary layers: the functional significance of variation in bryophyte canopy structure. - RICE, STEVEN K.* AND DAVID COLLINS. [L]
  225. Long distance dispersal in Melastomeae: from South America to Africa to Madagascar and SE Asia. - MEYER, KARSTEN* AND SUSANNE S. RENNER. [S]
  226. Long-term biomonitoring (1988--1998): lichen distribution, abundance, and health on red spruce, Picea rubens Sarg. - STUBBS, CONSTANCE S. [L]
  227. Low-copy nuclear genes for phylogenetic research in the palm family. - LEWIS, CARL E.* AND JEFF J. DOYLE. [S]
  228. Lycopod vasculature - unique system in plants. - GOLA, EDYTA M. [D]
  229. Manual of Grasses for North America: Progress Report, The. - BARKWORTH, MARY E.*, KATHLEEN M. CAPELS, AND LINDA A. VOROBIK,. [S]
  230. Mentoring graduate students. - DENGLER, NANCY G. [D-symposium]
  231. Meristic variation in wild and cultivated populations of Phlox drummondii. - WAITT, DAMON E.*, SARAH HOFFMAN, AND JOCYLEN FOURNET. [G]
  232. Microhabitat preferences of trunk epiphytes in a cloud forest of Mexico, with special reference to ferns. - MEHLTRETER, KLAUS*, JOSé G. GARCíA-FRANCO, AND ALEJANDRO FLORES-PALACIOS. [O]
  233. Micromorphological and cytological patterns among New World species of Ephedra L. (Ephedraceae). - ICKERT-BOND, STEFANIE, M. [S]
  234. Microsatellite analysis of the hybrid zone in the Buckeye Genus Aesculus L. (Hippocastanaceae). - RICHARDSON, ADJOA O.*, QUI-YUN (JENNY) XIANG, AND CHUANZHU FAN. [G]
  235. Molecular biogeography of temperate and tropical legumes in North America. - LAVIN, MATT*, MARTIN F. WOJCIECHOWSKI, MICHAEL J. SANDERSON, AND ADAM RICHMAN. [S-symposium]
  236. Molecular characters in phylogeny reconstruction: A comparison of nucleotide data and chloroplast genome structural changes. - RAUBESON, LINDA A*, MARY E COSNER, ANDREA OESTREICH, AND ROBERT K JANSEN. [S]
  237. Molecular cytogenetic mapping of sorghum chromosome 1. - PRICE, H. JAMES*, M. NURUL ISLAM-FARIDI, AND DAVID M. STELLY. [G]
  238. Molecular diversity of green algae from biotic crust communities. - LEWIS, LOUISE A. [A]
  239. Molecular evidence for nunatak survival of the high-alpine plant Eritrichium nanum within the Central Alps. - STEHLIK, IVANA*, JOHANN JAKOB SCHNELLER, AND KONRAD BACHMANN. [S]
  240. Molecular genetic studies of gender expression in angiosperms: early ovule development in Nicotiana tabacum. - NIELD, BECKY A.* AND JEFFREY P. HILL. [D]
  241. Molecular markers in Allium,range of application and taxonomic consequences. - BLATTNER, FRANK R.*, DIRK FISCHER, NIKOLAI FRIESEN, SVEN POLLNER, AND KONRAD BACHMANN. [S]
  242. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of the Bryaceae (Bryales, Musci). - COX, CYMON J.* AND TERRY A. J. HEDDERSON. [L]
  243. Molecular phylogenetic evidence for major lineages of helenioid Heliantheae (Compositae). - BALDWIN, BRUCE G.* AND BRIDGET L. WESSA. [S]
  244. Molecular phylogenetic evidence for the origin of Lennoaceae: A case of adelphoparasitism in the angiosperms? - SMITH, R. ALAN*, DIANE M. FERGUSON, TODD J. BARKMAN, AND CLAUDE W. DEPAMPHILIS. [S]
  245. Molecular phylogenetic studies in Carex section Acrocystis (Cyperaceae): evidence from nuclear Adh and ITS genic regions. - ROALSON, ERIC H. [S]
  246. Molecular phylogenetic study of the genus Porpidia (Porpidiaceae, Ascomycota), A. - BUSCHBOM, JUTTA* AND FRANçOIS LUTZONI. [L]
  247. Molecular phylogenetic study of Stephanomeria and related North American genera (Compositae-Lactuceae) based on 18S-26S nuclear rDNA ITS sequences , A. - LEE, JOONGKU*, BRUCE G. BALDWIN, AND LESLIE D. GOTTLIEB1. [S]
  248. Molecular phylogenetics and beyond. - SOLTIS, PAMELA S. [S-symposium]
  249. Molecular phylogeny and evolutionary trends in Plumbaginaceae JUSS. - UHINK, CHRISTIAN H. [S]
  250. Molecular Phylogeny for Cercocarpus H.B.K. (Rosaceae) using the External Transcribed Spacer of the Nuclear Ribosomal Repeat, A. - VANDEN HEUVEL, BRIAN DAVID* AND C. RANDAL LINDER. [S]
  251. Molecular phylogeny of Corallorhiza (Orchidaceae) and related genera, A. - SENYO, DIANA M. AND JOHN V. FREUDENSTEIN.* [S]
  252. Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Panicoideae (Poaceae) using ndhF sequences, A. - GIUSSANI, LILIANA M., J. HUGO COTA-SANCHEZ*, FERNANDO ZULOAGA, AND ELIZABETH A. KELLOGG. [S]
  253. Molecular systematic study of the Prostantheroideae (Lamiaceae), including Chloantheae (formerly Verbenaceae), A. - OLMSTEAD, RICHARD G.*, PHILIP D. CANTINO, BRENDAN LEPSCHI, AND PATRICK A. REEVES. [S]
  254. Molecular systematics of Convolvulaceae inferred from cpDNA sequences. - STEFANOVIC, SASA* AND RICHARD G. OLMSTEAD. [S]
  255. Monoterpene levels in Douglas-fir needles in relation to needle midge infestation. - BOTHWELL, BRYAN, CHERYL L. LOVELESS, RAYMOND R. BARD, AND MICHAEL D. SNOW.* [P]
  256. Morphological and genetic analyses of Korean Adonis, The. - LEE, NAM SOOK, YOUNGBAE SUH, SUNGHEE YEAU, AND SANGTAE LEE.* [S]
  257. Morphological and microsatellite variation of Mexican diploid wild potato species. - LARA-CABRERA, SABINA I.* AND DAVID M. SPOONER. [S]
  258. Morphological and molecular variation in Helianthemum dumosum (Cistaceae), a rare coastal heathland taxon, and its widespread relative, H. canadense. - GOULD, KATHERINE R.* AND MARK C. TEBBITT. [S]
  259. Multiple origins of parasitism within angiosperms. - BARKMAN, TODD J., JOEL R. MCNEAL, NELSON D. YOUNG, AND CLAUDE W. DEPAMPHILIS.* [S]
  260. New aquatic angiosperm with a floating rosette of leaves from the St. Mary River Formation of southern Alberta, A. - RILEY, MICHAEL G.* AND RUTH A. STOCKEY. [F]
  261. New insights concerning the origin of Polypodium scouleri and its ongoing hybridization with sympatric congeners. - HAUFLER, C. H.1*, T. HILDEBRAND1, P. HAMMOND2, J. P. THERRIEN1, AND C. WALTERS1. [O]
  262. Nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region polymorphism and its implications for phylogenetic inference in Pinus subsection Cembroides. - GERNANDT, DAVID S., AARON LISTON*, AND DANIEL PIÑERO. [S]
  263. Origin and molecular systematics of the parasitic plant genus Cuscuta (dodder). - MCNEAL, JOEL R.* AND CLAUDE W. DEPAMPHILIS. [S]
  264. Paleobotanical data and the phytogeographic history of holarctic angiosperm clades. - MANCHESTER, STEVEN R.* AND BRUCE H. TIFFNEY. [S-symposium]
  265. Paleoclimate of the middle Eocene John Day Gulch Flora, central Oregon. - COOPER, ERIN E.* AND JEFFREY A. MYERS. [F]
  266. Paralogous ITS loci in Mexican red oak species (Quercus section Lobatae) and their implications in phylogeny reconstruction. - VAZQUEZ, M. LUCIA*, JEFF J. DOYLE, AND KEVIN C. NIXON. [S]
  267. Patterns of carbon allocation in Acomastylis rossii(Rosaceae) an alpine plant exhibiting extreme preformation. - MELOCHE, CHRISTOPHER G.* AND PAMELA K. DIGGLE. [D]
  268. Patterns of extreme specificity in the monotropoid mycorrhizal symbiosis. - BIDARTONDO, MARTIN I.* AND THOMAS D. BRUNS. [M]
  269. Patterns of pteridophyte evolution and diversification in the Cretaceous of southern Gondwana. - NAGALINGUM, NATHALIE S*, ANDREW N DRINNAN, STEPHEN MCLOUGHLIN, AND RICHARD LUPIA. [F]
  270. Peltaspermaceous affinities of "Dicroidium" callipteroides from the earliest Triassic, basal Narrabeen Group, Australia. - RETALLACK, GREGORY JOHN. [F]
  271. Phlox idahonis (Polemoniaceae): Morphologic and molecular approaches to conservation. - SCHULTZ, JOANNA*, LEIGH JOHNSON, AND CAROLYN FERGUSON. [S]
  272. Phylogenetic Analysis of Crescentieae and Tabebuia s.l. (Bignoniaceae). - GROSE, SUSAN O.* AND RICHARD G. OLMSTEAD. [S]
  273. Phylogenetic analysis of Gaura (Onagraceae) based on ITS sequence data, A. - HOGGARD, GLORIA, RON HOGGARD, MIA MOLVRAY, AND PAUL KORES.* [S]
  274. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Riccia L. (Marchantiales): volatile morphology that is not reflected in the underlying genetic history, A. - WHEELER, JOHN A. [L]
  275. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Mimulus and tribe Mimulueae (Lamiales), A. - BEARDSLEY, PAUL M.* AND RICHARD G. OLMSTEAD. [S]
  276. Phylogenetic analysis of the subtribe Caladeniinae (Orchidaceae): Based on ITS sequences, A. - MOLVRAY, MIA*, PAUL KORES, STEVE HOPPER, AND ANDEW BROWN. [S]
  277. Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Analysis of OSMORHIZA (Apiaceae) Based on ITS and ndhF Sequences, A. - YOO, KI-OUG*, P. P. LOWRY, J. L. WALCK, AND JUN WEN. [S]
  278. Phylogenetic implications and comparative utility of 26S and ITS2 sequences in Orchidaceae. - FREUDENSTEIN, JOHN V.*, DIANA M. SENYO, AND MARK W. CHASE. [S]
  279. Phylogenetic relationships among genera of the prayer plant family (Marantaceae) based on chloroplast DNA sequence data. - PRINCE, LINDA M.* AND W. JOHN KRESS. [S]
  280. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary patterns in Bromeliaceae based on ndhF sequence variation. - GIVNISH, THOMAS J.*, KENDRA C. MILLAM, AND KENNETH J. SYTSMA. [S]
  281. Phylogenetic relationships and character evolution in Melastomataceae. - CLAUSING, GUDRUN* AND SUSANNE S. RENNER. [S]
  282. Phylogenetic Relationships of Cornus L. Inferred from Nuclear DNA Sequences. - FAN, CHUANZHU*, JENNY QIU-YUN XIANG, AND RICHARDSON ADJOA. [S]
  283. Phylogenetic relationships of Tolpis (Asteraceae: Lactuceae) based on ndhF sequence data. - PARK, SEON-JOO*, ELISA KOROMPAI, JAVIER FRANCISCO-ORTEGA, ARNOLDO SANTOS-GUERRA, AND ROBERT JANSEN. [S]
  284. Phylogenetic studies in the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS and ndhF sequences. - BERGGREN1, SCOTT THOMAS*, SANGTAE LEE2, AND JUN WEN3. [S]
  285. Phylogenetic studies of pea comparing different data sets. - POLANS, NEIL O.*, JEFFERY A. NELSON, AND DAYLE E. SAAR. [S]
  286. Phylogenetic studies of the Cactus genus Mammillaria Haw. using chloroplast DNA sequence data. - BUTTERWORTH, CHARLES A. AND ROBERT S. WALLACE.* [S]
  287. Phylogenetic studies within the genus Ocimum L. (Labiatae) based on ITS sequences of the nrDNA. - WETZEL, SABINE B., ALAN PATON, KONRAD BACHMANN, AND FRANK R. BLATTNER.* [S]
  288. Phylogenetic study of the Acarospora and Acarosporaceae (lichen-forming ascomycetes) and their position within the ascomycetes. , A. - REEB, VALERIE C.*, CLAUDE ROUX, AND FRANCOIS M. LUTZONI. [L]
  289. Phylogenetic utility of plastid ribosomal protein S4 (rps4) in land plants. - CRANFILL, RAYMOND. [S]
  290. Phylogenetics and evolution of Aeonium (Crassulaceae) and related genera on the Canary Islands. - MORT, MARK E.*, DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS, PAMELA S. SOLTIS, JAVIER FRANCISCO-ORTEGA, AND ARNOLDO SANTOS-GUERRA. [S]
  291. Phylogeny and biogeography of Selaginella subg. Tetragonostachys based on nuclear ribosomal ITS sequence data. - THERRIEN, JAMES P.* AND CHRISTOPHER H. HAUFLER. [O]
  292. Phylogeny of Amorpheae (Fabaceae:Papilionoideae) based on DNA sequences from the chloroplast trnK intron, including the matK gene. - MCMAHON, MICHELLE* AND LARRY HUFFORD. [S]
  293. Phylogeny of Lentibulariaceae based on sequences of matK and adjacent noncoding regions, A. - MüLLER1, KAI*, THOMAS BORSCH1, LAURENT LEGENDRE2, STEFAN POREMBSKI3, AND WILHELM BARTHLOTT1. [S]
  294. Phylogeny of the Ecliptinae (Asteraceae: Heliantheae) as inferred from internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences, and the origin of Lipochaeta, A. - CHUMLEY, TIMOTHY W.†*, JOSÉ L. PANERO†, STERLING C. KEELEY‡, AND ROBERT K. JANSEN†. [S]
  295. Phylogeny of the monocotyledons based on ndhF sequence variation, with special emphasis on relationships within and among commelinoids, lilioids, and asparagoids. - GIVNISH, THOMAS J.*, J. CHRISTOPHER PIRES, SEAN W. GRAHAM, KENDRA C. MILLAM, THOMAS B. PATTERSON, TIMOTHY M. EVANS, ERIC H. ROALSON, AND KENNETH J. SYTSMA. [S]
  296. Phylogeny of the Ophioglossaceae based on molecular and morphological characters. - HAUK, WARREN D. [O-symposium]
  297. Phylogeny of the Styracaceae based on four data sets: implications for the historical biogeography of the northern hemisphere and amphi-Pacific tropical disjunctions. - FRITSCH, PETER W.* AND CYNTHIA M. MORTON. [S-symposium]
  298. Phylogeny of the Urticales based on three molecular data sets, with emphasis on relationships within Urticaceae. - SYTSMA, KENNETH J., JEFFREY MORAWETZ*, J. CHRIS PIRES, AND CLIFFORD W. MORDEN. [S]
  299. Phylogeny, biogeography, and patterns of morphological evolution in Hibbertia (Dilleniaceae). - HORN, JAMES W. [S]
  300. Phylogeny, floral evolution, and patterns of inter-island dispersal in Clermontia (Lobeliaceae) in Hawaii based on ISSR variation. - GIVNISH, THOMAS J.*, GREG BEAN, AND KENNETH J. SYTSMA. [S]
  301. Phylogeny, unequal evolutionary rates, and biogeography in the western North American genus Sidalcea (Malvaceae). - ANDREASEN, KATARINA* AND BRUCE G. BALDWIN. [S]
  302. Physical Influences on Phytogeographic Continuity in the Northern Hemisphere Tertiary. - TIFFNEY, BRUCE H.* AND STEVEN R. MANCHESTER. [S-symposium]
  303. Plant Genetics after Mendel: E.B. Babcock, G. Ledyard Stebbins and the Genus Crepis. - SMOCOVITIS, VASSILIKI BETTY. [H-symposium]
  304. Plant Genetics at Rothamstead, Cambridge and the "John Innes," 1856-1960. - JONES, DAVID A. [H-symposium]
  305. Plants, fossils, and evolution: Lessons from the fossil hunters. - GENSEL, PATRICIA G. [Z-symposium]
  306. Plasmodesmal ultrastructure in the green alga Coleochaete orbicularis (Charophyceae): implications for the evolution of plant plasmodesmata. - COOK, MARTHA E.* AND COLLEEN A. LAVIN. [D]
  307. "Playing Catch-Up? An Institutional Interpretation of Mendel's Two Receptions, 1865-1900". - KIMMELMAN, BARBARA. [H-symposium]
  308. Plugging in: what we have learned in making scientific databases available on the World Wide Web. - PITTAM1, SHERRY KAY*, FRANK JOSEPH HANUS2, AND KEN FERSCHWEILER3. [E]
  309. Plumbago zeylanica sperm isolation, collection and cDNA library characterization. - RUSSELL, SCOTT D.1*, ZHAOJIE ZHANG1, HUILING XU2, PREM BHALLA2, AND MOHAN B. SINGH2. [D]
  310. Pollen morphology of the genus Adonis L. (Ranunculaceae) in Korea. - LEE, SANGTAE, CHUNGHEE LEE, YOUNGBAE SUH, SUNGHEE YEAU, AND NAM SOOK LEE.* [S]
  311. Pollination of Byrsonima lucida (Malpighiaceae) in southern Florida. - KOPTUR, SUZANNE* AND JOHN HENRY GEIGER. [E]
  312. Preliminary results of a study of the unique peristome of the genus Macrohymenium [Sematophyllaceae] using conventional and scanning electron microscopy. - EAKIN, DAVID A. [L]
  313. Present your data on the Web. - HANUS1, FRANK JOSEPH*, KEN FERSCHWEILER2, AND SHERRY KAY PITTAM3. [T]
  314. Reconstruction of the climbing late Paleozoic seed fern Pseudomariopteris busquetii. - TAYLOR, THOMAS N.*, EDITH L. TAYLOR, MICHAEL KRINGS, AND HANS KERP. [F]
  315. Revision of Moisera(Myrtinae: Myrtaceae), A. - SALYWON, ANDREW. [S]
  316. Salicylate-regulation of development in the moss, Funaria hygrometrica. - CHRISTIANSON, MICHAEL L.* AND STEPHEN H. DUFFY. [L]
  317. Seeds of Rhododendron from the Eocene of California. - TIFFNEY, BRUCE H.* AND NORMAN WANG. [F]
  318. Severe insect herbivory concentrated in low density regions of lupines colonizing Mount St. Helens. - BISHOP, JOHN, G. AND WILLIAM F. FAGAN.* [E]
  319. Shoot/sporophyte associations in the Fossombroniineae. - SELF, SHERRY L.*, C. HEATHER FORD, AND BARBARA CRANDALL-STOTLER. [L]
  320. Study of Ternstroemites Leaves and Their Relationships With Living Gordonia. - WANG, XIN* AND DAVID DILCHER. [F]
  321. Systematic study of the North American Yellow Lady's Slipper orchids, A. - MORRIS, JULIE A.* AND JOHN V. FREUDENSTEIN. [S]
  322. Systematics of Rubus (Rosoideae; Rosaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal ITS and chloroplast trnK intron DNA sequences. - ALICE, LAWRENCE A.* AND DUSTIN K. CONOVER. [S]
  323. Taxonomic placement of morphologically anomalous genera of Cactaceae subfamily Cactoideae. - WALLACE, ROBERT S. [S]
  324. Teaching, research and collaborative applications of Internet based video conferencing. - WOLF, STEVEN J. [S]
  325. Toward a Phylogeny of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). - BEILSTEIN, MARK* AND IHSAN AL-SHEHBAZ. [S]
  326. Transgenic Plants: A source for medicinal plants. - JOHNSON, EMANUEL L. AND STEPHEN D. EMCHE.* [C]
  327. Typifications in the genus Fossombronia (Marchantiophyta) - Problems and solutions. - STOTLER, RAYMOND E.*, JAMES R. BRAY, JR., AND D. CHRISTINE CARGILL. [L]
  328. Understorey vegetation response to alternative forest harvesting methods in southern boreal forests. - JALONEN, JYRKI A.* AND ILKKA VANHA-MAJAMAA. [E]
  329. Unique vegetation from the Eocene Cordilleran uplands. - MYERS, JEFFREY A. [F]
  330. Using Educational Technology to Foster Learning Centered Pedagogies. - BUCKLEY, DONALD* AND DAVID KRAMER. [T-symposium]
  331. Using technology to broaden the scientific experience through project based learning. - NIESENBAUM, RICAHRD A. [T-symposium]
  332. Utilization of amateurs in the development of the Stonerose Museum fossil collection. - BARKSDALE, LISA. [F]
  333. Varietal and species relationships of the Silene douglasii complex as delimited by pollen ultrastructure. - THOMPSON, JONATHAN E. AND SUSAN R. KEPHART.* [S]
  334. What is the relationship among Hernandiaceae, Lauraceae, and Monimiaceae, and why is this question so difficult to answer? - RENNER, SUSANNE S.* AND ANDRE CHANDERBALI. [S] RISP. [S]
  335. Molecular systematics of Hawaiian Peperomia. - CROSS, HUGH B.* AND TIMOTHY J. MOTLEY. [S]
  336. Molecular systematics of Macleania and Psammisia and their relationship to other members of Vaccinieae. - KRON, KATHLEEN A.*, E. ANN POWELL, AND JAMES L. LUTEYN. [S]
  337. Molecular systematics of Tetraplasandra, Munroidendron, and Reynoldsia sandwicensis (Araliaceae) and the evolution of superior ovaries in Tetraplasandra. - COSTELLO, ANNEMARIE* AND TIMOTHY J. MOTLEY. [S]
  338. Molecular, morphological and biogeographical reassessment of relationships within the Vittadinia group of Astereae (Asteraceae). - LOWREY, TIMOTHY K.*, CHRISTOPHER J. QUINN, RACHAEL K TAYLOR, RAYMUND CHAN, REBECCA KIMBALL, AND JAN C. DE NARDI. [S]
  339. Monographic study of the genus Petalophyllum Nees & Gottsche ex Lehm, A. - FORD, C. HEATHER* AND BARBARA CRANDALL-STOTLER. [L]
  341. Morphological change is decoupled from molecular evolution in disjunct populations of Pyrrhobryum mnioides (Hook.) Manuel. - MCDANIEL, STUART F.* AND JON SHAW. [L]
  342. Morphological differentiation through differential gene silencing in the allotetraploid derivatives of Botrychium lunaria X B. lanceolatum-a partial confirmation of the hypothesis of Werth and Windham. - FARRAR, DONALD R.* AND JAMES E. WATKINS. [O]
  343. Morphological evolution and neotropical biogeograpy in Macrocarpaea (Gentianaceae: Helieae). - GRANT1, JASON R.* AND LENA STRUWE2. [S]
  344. Morphological relationships of Taxus canadensis (Taxaceae) in North America and Eurasia, The. - SPJUT, RICHARD W. [S]
  345. Morphological Variation in Mimulus section Diplacus (Scrophulariaceae). - TULIG, MELISSA* AND CURTIS CLARK. [S]
  346. Morphological, cytological, and molecular characterization of the Bromus ciliatus complex (Poaceae: Bromeae). - CAYOUETTE1, JACQUES*, PAUL M. PETERSON2, BRUCE COULMAN3, AND YASAS FERDINANDEZ3. [S]
  347. Morphology of Cunninghamia chaneyi from the Middle Miocene Clarkia flora northern Idaho. - 1REMBER, WILLIAM C.*, ANGELIKA 2OTTO, AND BERND R. T. 2SIMONEIT. [F]
  348. Multifaceted Heterochrony: Evolution, development, and ecological covariates of leaf morphology in Neotropical ferns. - S‡NCHEZ-BARACALDO, PATRICIA* AND ROBERT P. GURALNICK. [S]
  349. Multigene tree of the Rosales, A. - EVANS, RODGER C. AND CHRISTOPHER S. CAMPBELL.* [S]
  350. Multiple evolution of water-conducting systems in bryophytes. - LIGRONE, ROBERTO*, KAREN SUE RENZAGLIA, NEIL ANDREWS, AND JEFFREY G DUCKETT. [L]
  351. Multiple origins of a diploid hybrid species. - SCHWARZBACH, ANDREA E.* AND LOREN H. RIESEBERG. [S]
  352. Mycorrhizae on Quercus garryana at Whetstone Savanna in Southern Oregon. - VALENTINE, LORI*, HAROLD BERNINGHAUSEN, AND DARLENE SOUTHWORTH. [E]
  353. Mycotrophic, non-chlorophyllous Voyria placed in Gentianaceae. - STRUWE, LENA* AND VICTOR A. ALBERT. [S]
  354. National Survey on the Public's Perception of Plants. - WANDERSEE, JAMES H.* AND ELISABETH E. SCHUSSLER. [T]
  355. Neogene western North American Nelumbo, Nuphar, and Nymphaea megafossils. - FIELDS, PATRICK F.* AND RALPH E. TAGGART. [F]
  356. New Combination of the Ophioglossaceae Using Palynological and Morphological Studies on the Old World, A. - SAHASHI, NORIO. [O]
  357. New flora from the Lower Permian Cedar Mesa Sandstone near Canyonlands National Park, Utah, A. - TIDWELL, WILLIAM D.*, LEITH S. TIDWELL, DEBRA L. MICKELSON, DAN S. CHANEY, AND AMANDA L. HANSEN. [F]
  358. New fossil saxifragoid from the Upper Cretaceous of New Jersey, A. - HERMSEN, ELIZABETH J.*, WILLIAM L. CREPET, AND KEVIN C. NIXON. [F]
  359. New Frontiers in Botany. - BASKIN, CAROL C. [Z-symposium]
  360. New frontiers in plant systematics: the next 50 years. Introduction. - ELISENS, WAYNE* AND TOD STUESSY. [S-symposium]
  361. New species of Pachytesta from the Upper Pennsylvanian Finis Shale of Texas, A. - DUNN, MICHAEL T. [F]
  362. Nitrogen fixation, photosynthesis, and growth by Lobaria oregana in an old-growth forest canopy. - BROWN, PATRICK J.* AND DAVID A. DALTON. [B]
  363. Novel lysine-rich arabinogalactan with regulatory effects on carrot (Daucus carota) cells growth and differentiation, A. - PEREIRA-NETTO, ADAUCTO B.*, JULIANA M. MENESTRINA, ANA MARIA A. CARNEIRO LEAO, AND MARCELO IACOMINI. [P]
  364. Nuclear 26S rDNA and systematics of monocotyledons. - ASMUSSEN, CONNY B.*, MARK W. CHASE, AND MICHAEL ZANIS. [S]
  365. Nuclear DNA quantification and the life cycle in Cephaleuros parasiticus (Trentepohliales, Chlorophyta). - LOPEZ-BAUTISTA, JUAN M.*, DONALD KAPRAUN, DEBRA A. WATERS, AND RUSSELL L. CHAPMAN. [A]
  366. Objectives and progress of the PhyloCode project. - CANTINO, PHILIP D.* AND MICHAEL J. DONOGHUE. [S]
  367. On the comparative analisys of the Pacific Northwest - Northeast Floras. - DR. BOYLE, TATIANA G. [S]
  368. Open Space Symposium. - KIRCHOFF, BRUCE. [D-symposium]
  369. Ophioglossaceae of British Columbia, The. - WILLISTON, PATRICK* AND PAULA BARTEMUCCI. [O]
  370. Oregon Flora Project, The. - SUNDBERG, SCOTT D. [S]
  371. Organisms, form and characters. - STEVENS, PETER F. [D-symposium]
  372. Origin of a Rhododendron hybrid in alpine Taiwan: evidence from nuclear and chloroplast phylogeny. - SHIH, BING-LING1,2*, YUEN-PO YANG1, AND SHU-MIAW CHAW2. [S]
  373. Origin of Macaronesian Sideritis L. (Lamiaceae) inferred from sequences of two non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA. - BARBER, JANET C.*, JAVIER FRANCISCO-ORTEGA, ARNOLDO SANTOS-GUERRA, KATHRYN TURNER, AND ROBERT K. JANSEN. [S]
  374. Overview of phylogenetic relationships among families of pleurocarps: implications from variation in 165 rbcL sequences, An. - DE LUNA, EFRAIN*, HIROMI TSUBOTA, DOLORES GONZALEZ, SACHIKO MAEDA, HIROYUKI AKIYAMA, TOMOTSUGU ARIKAWA, RAY TANGNEY, CYMON J. COX, ANGELA E. NEWTON, KEIKO KOSUGE, MASANOBU HIGUCHI, AND HIRONORI DEGUCHI. [L]
  375. Overview of the Ophioglossaceae, An. - FARRAR, DONALD R.* AND FLORENCE S. WAGNER. [O-symposium]
  376. Overview of the subfamily Centothecoideae (Poaceae). - SáNCHEZ-KEN, JORGE GABRIEL.* AND LYNN G. CLARK. [S]
  377. Ovulate cones of Picea from the Lower Pliocene Ch'ijee's Bluff, Yukon Territory, Canada. - SCHWAB, HEIDI C.*, RUTH A. STOCKEY, AND CHARLES E. SCHWEGER. [F]
  378. Paleobotany: back to the future. - CRANE, PETER R. [Z-symposium]
  379. Parsimony and likelihood analyses of genes from all three subcellular genomes strongly support major land plant phylogenetic relationships. - NICKRENT, DANIEL L. 1*, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2, JEFFREY D. PALMER 2, AND R. JOEL DUFF 3. [S]
  380. Patterns of bryophyte species diversity at three scales in conifer dominated boreal forest stands. - MILLS, SUZANNE ELIZABETH*, S. ELLEN MACDONALD, AND DALE H. VITT. [L]
  381. Patterns of inflorescence development in Setaria (Panicoideae, Poaceae). - DOUST, ANDREW, N.L.* AND ELIZABETH, A. KELLOGG. [D]
  382. Permineralized Pityostrobus cone (Pinaceae) from the Cretaceous of British Columbia, A. - SMITH, SELENA Y.* AND RUTH A. STOCKEY. [F]
  383. Petiole Abscission in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.): Anatomical and Ultrastructural Observations. - PETERSON, CURT M., LIWEI CHEN, ROLAND R DUTE, AND MANDY N. ROGERS.* [D]
  384. Phenological studies on Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsd. et Fisch. (Pteridaceae, Pteridophyta) on a Caribbean mangrove site of Mexico. - MEHLTRETER, KLAUS1* AND MóNICA2 PALACIOS-RIOS. [O]
  385. Phenotypic gender modification in Platystemon californicus (Papaveraceae), a wind-pollinated, self-incompatible annual. - HANNAN, GARY L. [E]
  386. Phycobiont fidelity in Umbilicaria. - JESSUP, STEVEN LEE. [L]
  387. Phylogenetic analysis of Buddlejaceae s.s. inferred from the trnL region of cpDNA, A. - WALLICK, KYLE P.*, MIA MOLVRAY, PAUL J. KORES, AND WAYNE J. ELISENS. [S]
  388. Phylogenetic analysis of Hordeumbased on intron sequences of nuclear phospholipase D. - BLATTNER, FRANK R. [S]
  389. Phylogenetic analysis of Iliamna (Malvaceae) using the internal transcribed spacer (ITS). - SLOTTA, TRACEY A. B.* AND DUNCAN M. PORTER. [S]
  390. Phylogenetic analysis of noncoding chloroplast DNA sequences reveals Amborella as basalmost angiosperm. - BORSCH1, THOMAS*, KHIDIR W. HILU2, VOLKER WILDE3, CHRISTOPH NEINHUIS1, AND WILHELM BARTHLOTT1. [S]
  391. Phylogenetic and developmental approach to understanding androecium evolution in the subtribe Dichorisandrinae (Commelinaceae), A. - HARDY, CHRISTOPHER R.*, ROBERT B. FADEN, JERROLD I. DAVIS AND DENNIS WM. STEVENSON. [S]
  392. Phylogenetic assessment of Chrysothamnus Nutt. (Asteraceae, Astereae), A. - BAIRD, GARY I. [S]
  393. Phylogenetic inferences in the Orthotrichoideae based on trnL-F and rps4 (cpDNA) sequence data. - GOFFINET, BERNARD* AND A. JONATHAN SHAW. [L]
  394. Phylogenetic investigations of the Ericameria complex (Astereae, Asteraceae). - ROBERTS, ROLAND P.* AND LOWELL E. URBATSCH. [S]
  395. Phylogenetic Patterns and Divergent Times of Disjunct Taxa: Insights into Historical Biogeography of Angiosperms in the Northern Hemisphere . - XIANG, (JENNY) QIU-YUN* AND DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS. [S-symposium]
  396. Phylogenetic patterns of disjunct Fagales: tracking the history of north temperate and subtropical forests. - MANOS, PAUL S.*, ALICE M. STANFORD, AND MICHAEL J. SANDERSON. [S-symposium]
  397. Phylogenetic position of the genus Swertia (Gentianaceae) in the subtribe Swertiinae. - CHASSOT, PHILIPPE. [S]
  398. Phylogenetic position of the Neckeraceae (Musci) based on rbcL gene sequences. - SASTRE-DE JESúS, INéS*, DOLORES GONZáLEZ, AND EFRAIN DE LUNA. [L]
  399. Phylogenetic position of the north and central american species of Centaurium (Gentianaceae) based on molecular data and chromosome numbers: evidence of an old-world origin. - MANSION, GUILHEM. [S]
  400. Phylogenetic reconstruction of Australian Gnaphalieae (Asteraceae) based on four chloroplast and nuclear sequences, A. - BAYER, RANDALL J.*, DAVID G. GREBER, AND NEIL H. BAGNALL. [S]
  401. Phylogenetic relationship and monophyly of Cupressus and Chamaecyparis (Cupressaceae): molecular and organismal evidence . - LITTLE, DAMON P. [S]
  402. Phylogenetic relationships among eudicots based on a combined data set of four genes: rbcL, atpB, 18S rDNA, and 26S rDNA. - SENTERS1, ANNE E.*, DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS1, PAMELA S. SOLTIS1, MICHAEL ZANIS1, SANGTAE KIM2, JAMES D. THOMPSON1, AND ELIZABETH A. ZIMMER3. [S]
  403. Phylogenetic relationships among the Ashes of the world, Fraxinus (Oleaceae). - WALLANDER, EVA. [S]
  404. Phylogenetic relationships and character evolution in Buxaceae. - VON BALTHAZAR, MARIA*, YIN-LONG QIU, AND PETER K. ENDRESS. [S]
  405. Phylogenetic relationships and diversification of the columnar and globular cacti of Chile (Cactaceae - Cactoideae). - NYFFELER, RETO* AND URS EGGLI. [S]
  406. Phylogenetic relationships and character evolution in Primula L.: Results from ITS sequences. - CONTI, ELENA* AND SYLVIA KELSO. [S]
  407. Phylogenetic relationships between Crataegus and Mespilus (Rosaceae subf. Maloideae) based on rDNA sequence variation. - DICKINSON, TIMOTHY A.*, RODGER C. EVANS, AND CHRISTOPHER S. CAMPBELL. [S]
  408. Phylogenetic relationships in Myriophyllum (Haloragaceae). - MOODY, MICHAEL L* AND DONALD H LES. [S]
  409. Phylogenetic relationships in the Artemisia ludoviciana complex (Anthemidae/Asteraceae). - BATES, PAUL L.*, JAMES R. ESTES, AND LINDA E. WATSON. [S]
  410. Phylogenetic relationships in Lemnaceae Dumortier, the duckweed family. - LES, DONALD H.*, DANIEL J. CRAWFORD, ELIAS LANDOLT, JOHN D. GABEL, AND REBECCA T. KIMBALL. [S]
  411. Phylogenetic relationships of Schefflera and Polyscias: non-monophyly in the two largest genera of Araliaceae. - PLUNKETT, GREGORY M.1*, PORTER P. LOWRY II2, AND JONATHAN M. EIBL1. [S]
  412. Phylogenetic relationships of the tribes Trifolieae and Vicieae (Fabaceae) using sequences of Mendel's stem length gene, Le. - STEELE, K. P.*, L. YANG, M. SABIR, AND M. F. WOJCIECHOWSKI. [S]
  413. Phylogenetic relationships of the Caryopteris-Trichostema complex (Lamiaceae) based on ndhF sequence data. - HUANG, MINGJUAN*, JOHN V. FREUDENSTEIN, AND DANIEL J. CRAWFORD. [S]
  414. Phylogenetic relationships within the enigmatic tribe Justicieae (Acanthaceae). - MCDADE, LUCINDA A.*, THOMAS F. DANIEL, AND KATHERINE M. RILEY. [S]
  415. Phylogenetic study of Cymopterus and related genera , A. - SUN, FENG-JIE*, STEPHEN R. DOWNIE, AND RONALD L. HARTMAN. [S]
  416. Phylogenetic study of the genus Wolffiella (Lemnaceae), A. - CRAWFORD, DANIEL J.*, DONALD H. LES, ELIAS LANDOLT, REBECCA T. KIMBALL, AND JOHN D. GABEL. [S]
  417. Phylogenetics of Buckleya (Santalaceae) based on ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. - 1LI, JIANHUA*, 2DAVID E. BOUFFORD, AND 2MICHAEL J. DONOGHUE. [S]
  418. Phylogenetics of Byttneria and Ayenia (Sterculiaceae or Malvaceae s.l.): Biogeography and evolution of growth form in a large group of tropical woody plants. - WHITLOCK, BARBARA A. [S]
  419. Phylogenetics of Hibiscus section Furcaria (Malvaceae) based on nuclear Adh and ITS sequences. - SMALL, RANDALL L. [S]
  420. Phylogentic relationsships among genera of the parasitic familiy Rafflesiaceae s.l. based on nuclear ITS and SSU rDNA, mitochondrial LSU and SSU rDNA, atp1, and matR sequences. - BLARER, ALBERT*, DAN NICKRENT, HANS BäNZIGER, PETER K. ENDRESS, AND YIN-LONG QIU. [S]
  421. Phylogeny and adaptive radiation of Salvia pachyphylla (Lamiaceae), The. - TAYLOR, ROBIN MARIE. [S]
  422. Phylogeny and biogeography of Anemone (Ranunculaceae) in the Southern Hemisphere based on molecular data. - SCHUETTPELZ, ERIC J.* AND SARA B. HOOT. [S]
  423. Phylogeny and biogeography of Staphyleaceae (DC.) Lindl. - SIMMONS, SARAH L.* AND JOSE L. PANERO. [S]
  424. Phylogeny and character evolution in Hintonia (Rubiaceae) and related taxa. - OCHOTERENA, HELGA. [S]
  425. Phylogeny and divergence times in Pinaceae: evidence from three genomes. - WANG, XIAO-QUAN, DAVID C. TANK*, AND TAO SANG. [S]
  426. Phylogeny and morphological evolution of Marcgraviaceae: insights from three chloroplast genes. - WERNER, N. MISA* AND ROBERT A. PRICE. [S]
  427. Phylogeny and morphology of Chorizanthe and related taxa (Polygonaceae: Eriogonoideae). - RUSSELL, ADRIENNE D. [S]
  428. Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae tribe Amaryllideae based on nrDNA ITS sequences. - MEEROW, ALAN W.* AND DEIRDRE A. SNIJMAN. [S]
  429. Phylogeny of Azara (Flacourtiaceae). - GABEL, JOHN D.*, DONALD H. LES, W. ALAN CHARLTON, AND ALLEN J. COOMBES. [S]
  430. Phylogeny of Castanea (Fagaceae) based matK sequence data. - STANFORD, ALICE M.* AND CLIFFORD R. PARKS. [S]
  431. Phylogeny of Grammitidaceae and Polypodiaceae inferred from two large data sets: rbcL and morphology. - SMITH, ALAN R.*, HARALD SCHNEIDER, BARBARA S. PARRIS, CHRISTOPHER H. HAUFLER, TOM A. RANKER, JAMES P. THERRIEN, AND JENNIFER M. O. GEIGER. [O]
  432. Phylogeny of rice genomes. - SANG, TAO*, SONG GE, BAO-RONG LU, AND DE-YUAN HONG. [S]
  433. Phylogeny of Selaginellaceae based on the plastid gene rbcL: congruence and incongruence with morphology. - KORALL, PETRA* AND PAUL KENRICK. [O]
  434. Phylogeny of the Celastraceae inferred from morphology and nuclear and plastid loci. - SIMMONS, MARK PITKIN*, VINCENT SAVOLAINEN, CURTIS C. CLEVINGER, ROBERT H. ARCHER, AND JERROLD I. DAVIS. [S]
  435. Phylogeny of the cycads (Cycadales) based on chloroplast DNA gene spacers and ITS rDNA sequences. - BOGLER, DAVID J.* AND JAVIER FRANCISCO-ORTEGA. [S]
  436. Phylogeny of the Rudbeckiinae (Heliantheae, Asteraceae) based on cpDNA restriction site data and ITS, ETS, and 5', 3' trnK sequence data. - URBATSCH, LOWELL E. [S]
  437. Phylogeny of Veroniceae based on ITS-sequence-analysis - A comparison with morphology, biochemistry, and chromosome number. - ALBACH, DIRK C.* AND MARK W. CHASE. [S]
  438. Phylogeny, biogeography and character evolution of Erythronium (Liliaceae). - ALLEN, GERALDINE A.*, DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS, AND PAMELA S. SOLTIS. [S]
  439. Phylogeny, biogeography and life history evolution in the red algal family Phyllophoraceae (Gigartinales). - FREDERICQ, SUZANNE AND JUAN M. LOPEZ-BAUTISTA.* [A]
  440. Phylogeography and character evolution of the genus Penstemon (Scrophulariaceae). - WOLFE, ANDREA D.*, CHRISTOPHER P. RANDLE, AND SHANNON L. DATWYLER. [S]
  441. Phytogeographic "black holes" in southern California botany, a geographic information systems (GIS) model based on herbarium collections of two representative genera, Camissonia and Salvia. - SOZA, VALERIE L. 1*, STEVE BOYD1, AND ANDREW C. SANDERS2. [S]
  442. Phytogeographical analysis and classification of leaf characteristics of Taxus (Taxaceae), A. - SPJUT, RICHARD W. [S]
  443. Pityostrobus in the Lower Cretaceous of southwestern Russia. - RATZEL, STEPHEN R.*, GAR W. ROTHWELL, ROYAL H. MAPES, GENE MAPES, AND LARISA A. DOGUZHAEVA. [F]
  444. Plant diversity and ecology of Protection Island, Washington. - HAYWARD, JAMES L.* AND DENNIS W. WOODLAND. [E]
  445. Plant diversity of the Hengduan Mountain region of China. - REE, RICHARD H.*, MICHAEL J. DONOGHUE, AND DAVID E. BOUFFORD. [S]
  446. Plant population biology and systematics. - SCHAAL, BARBARA A. [S-symposium]
  447. Plasticity of size and architectural traits in relation to fitness in an annual weed. - CHEPLICK, GREGORY PAUL. [E]
  448. Plastid genome project: integrated cell biology/molecular biology/genomics teaching laboratory, The. - VERHEY, STEVEN D.* AND STEVEN STEFANIDES. [T]
  449. Pollination of Clustered lady's slipper orchid, Cypripedium fasciculatum (Orchidaceae). - FERGUSON, CAROL S.*, KATHLEEN DONHAM, AND JENNIFER BROWN. [E]
  450. Polyploid origin of a large clade: Nuclear Granule-Bound Starch Synthase (GBSSI or waxy) gene sequences support a spiraeoid ancestry of the Maloideae (Rosaceae), The. - EVANS, RODGER C.* AND CHRISTOPHER S. CAMPBELL. [S]
  451. Polyploid origin of Eragrostis tef: evidence from the waxy locus. - INGRAM, AMANDA L.* AND JEFF J. DOYLE. [S]
  452. Population dynamics of Botrychium. - JOHNSON-GROH, CINDY. [O-symposium]
  453. Population dynamics of the gyndioecious Bouteloua chondrosioides (Spruce-top grama). - ZAHN, LAURA M. [G]
  454. Population dynamics and conservation biology of Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii (Fabaceae). - ERHART, TEMAN*, MARK V. WILSON, AND AARON LISTON. [E]
  455. Population ecology of the annual grass Triplasis purpurea along the south shore of Staten Island, New York. - CHEPLICK, GREGORY P.* AND HARRY DEMETRI. [E]
  456. Population genetics of Sadleria cyatheoides (Blechnaceae), a Hawaiian endemic. - HOUSTON, HEATHER J.* AND TOM A. RANKER. [O]
  457. Population genetics of the endiemic species, Penstemon caryi Pennel. - LUTZ, ANDREW W.* AND ANDREA D WOLFE. [S]
  458. Population structure and diversfication patterns in the paleotropic endemic moss, Mitthyridium. - WALL, DENNIS P. [L]
  459. Post-fire recovery of terrestrial lichens in Florida scrub, with emphasis on Cladonia perforata. - YAHR, REBECCA. [L]
  460. Preliminary cladistic analysis of the Dicranoideae (Dicranaceae, Musci) based on morphology, A. - PRICE, MICHELLE J. [L]
  461. Preliminary findings of evolutionary and ecological aspects of cauliflory. - ZJHRA, MICHELLE L. [S]
  462. Preliminary investigation into the origin of the Pale Purple Coneflower, Echinacea pallida (Asteraceae), using allozyme and ISSR markers, A. - HOOPER, ELISABETH A.* AND POLLY HIGGINS. [S]
  463. Preliminary studies of characters associated with pleurocarpy in the Rhizogoniaceae (Bryales). - BELL, NEIL E.* AND ANGELA E. NEWTON. [L]
  465. Recent radiation of Neotropical fern genera in p‡ramo ecosystems, A. - S‡NCHEZ-BARACALDO, PATRICIA. [O]
  466. Reconciling phytogeographic patterns around the Northern Hemisphere. - DONOGHUE, MICHAEL J.*, CHARLES D. BELL, AND JIANHUA LI. [S-symposium]
  467. Reconstructing aquatic angiosperms from the Middle Eocene Princeton chert : Decodon allenbyensis . - LITTLE, STEFAN A.* AND RUTH A. STOCKEY. [F]
  468. Red/Far red light-mediated shade avoidance stem elongation response and anthocyanin accumulation in alpine and prairie ecotypes of Stellaria longipes . - ALOKAM, SUNEETHA*, CHENDANDA C CHINNAPPA, AND DAVID M REID. [P]
  469. Relationship between floral fragrance, phylogeny, and hawkmoth-pollination in Nyctaginaceae, The. - LEVIN, RACHEL A.*, ROBERT A. RAGUSO, AND LUCINDA A. MCDADE. [S]
  470. Reproductive potential of Silvery Bladderpod (Lesquerella ludoviciana). - COONS, JANICE M.*, HENRY R. OWEN, JENNIFER L. FRANKLIN, AND JOHN E. EBINGER. [E]
  471. Resolving the controversy of the Tar Heel Formation of the eastern United States. - MITRA, MADHUMI AND JAMES E. MICKLE.* [F]
  472. Reticulate evolution along an altitudinal gradient in Armeria (Plumbaginaceae) inferred from ITS, cpDNA, and morphology. - FUERTES AGUILAR, JAVIER*, BELéN GUTIéRREZ LARENA, AND GONZALO NIETO FELINER. [S]
  473. Reversals to hypogyny in Saxifragales: comparative ontogenies and evolutionary correlates. - FISHBEIN, MARK*, LARRY HUFFORD, AND DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS. [D]
  474. Review of the synoicous species of Cyclodictyon (Musci), A. - MILLER, DONNA H. [L]
  475. Revised taxonomic key to the species and varieties of Taxus (Taxaceae), A. - SPJUT, RICHARD W. [S]
  476. Revision of the Genus Fossombronia Raddi in north and east Asia, Oceania, the Malay Archipelago, and New Zealand, A. - KRAYESKY, DAVID M. [L]
  477. Revision of the Trifolium polymorphum (Fabaceae) species complex, A. - SHOCKEY, KARA M.* AND MICHAEL A. VINCENT. [S]
  478. Richer pedagogic outcomes in Marine Botany course through integration of service learning. - MITRA, MADHUMI. [T]
  479. Root cortex of the water lilies and lotuses, The. - SEAGO, JAMES L., JR. [D]
  480. Root development in sporelings of Ceratopteris richardii. - HOU, GUI-CHUAN* AND JEFFREY P. HILL. [D]
  481. Saving an American Treasure: Restoring the Herbarium of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. - MCCOURT, RICHARD M.*, EARLE E. SPAMER, ALFRED E. SCHUYLER, AND MEREDITH A. LANE. [H]
  482. Science for People Who Don't Like Science: The Perspective of a Journalist and Novelist. - DIETRICH, BILL. [S-symposium]
  483. Scientists and Journalists: Worlds in Collision? - HILL, RICHARD. [S-symposium]
  484. Seed dormancy in relation to endocarp anatomy in Anacardiaceae. - BASKIN, JERRY M.* AND CAROL C. BASKIN. [E]
  485. Seed dormancy in the Appalachian endemic Aristolochia macrophylla Lam. (Aristolochiaceae). - ADAMS, CHRISTOPHER A., JERRY M. BASKIN, AND CAROL C. BASKIN.* [E]
  486. Seed fern Lyginopteris in the Mississippian of North America, The. - TOMESCU, ALEXANDRU MIHAIL FLORIAN. [F]
  487. Seed plant phylogeny: the yew-conifers and a farewell to the anthophyte hypothesis. - KELCH, DEAN G.* AND RAYMOND CRANFILL. [S]
  488. Selected fossils from the Santana Formation, Chapada do Araripe, Brazil. - DILCHER, DAVID L.*, ANA FLORA MANDARIM-DE-LACERDA, ALCINA M.F. BARRETO, AND MARY E.C. BERNARDES-DE-OLIVEIRA. [F]
  489. Sex expression and gynomonoecy in Solidago (Asteraceae). - BERTIN, ROBERT I.* AND GREGORY M. GWISC. [E]
  490. Sex-specific life histories and population sex ratios in the dioecious liverwort Marchantia inflexa. - MCLETCHIE, D. NICHOLAS. [E]
  491. Significance of population size on reproductive success and genetic variability in the Eastern Prairie White Fringed Orchid, Platanthera leucophaea, The. - WALLACE, LISA E. [S]
  492. Similarity between seed banks and aboveground vegetation along a salinity gradient. - EGAN, TODD P.* AND IRWIN A. UNGAR. [E]
  493. Sinister speciation: elucidating phylogeny and taxonomy in a cryptic species complex in Polemoniaceae. - JOHNSON, LEIGH A. [S]
  494. Sister group relationships of Fabaceae and Rosaceae: phylogenetic relationships of Eurosids I. - STEELE, K.P.*, E. TIZON, R.C. EVANS, C.S. CAMPBELL, AND M.F. WOJCIECHOWSKI. [S]
  495. Slicing up the Solanums: major lineages and morphological synapomorphies. - BOHS, LYNN. [S]
  496. Solving the riddle of Californian Cuisine: phylogenetic relationships of capers and mustards. - HALL, JOCELYN C.* AND KENNETH J. SYTSMA. [S]
  497. Somaclonal male sterile mutants and their expressions in male sterile rice (Oryza sativa L.) somaclones. - FAN, SHUGUO*, CHENGYE LIANG, AND HONGXIAN LIU. [P]
  498. Spatial distribution and sexual dimorphism in dioecious Atriplex garettii Rydb. - DANLEY, KIMBERLY, TIFFANY ISAKSEN, NICOLE GARDNER, PAULA RANDALL-YOHO*, AND LOREEN ALLPHIN. [E]
  499. Spatial Distribution of Desert Bryophyte Populations. - BONINE, MARY L* AND LLOYD R STARK. [L]
  500. Spatial genetic structure and clonal diversity of Anemone nemorosa in late successional deciduous woodlands of Central Europe. - STEHLIK, IVANA* AND ROLF HOLDEREGGER. [E]
  501. Spatial pattern analysis of Torchwood in south Florida. - JAMESON, ANNEMARIE. [E]
  502. Speciation by allopolyploidy in Castilleja: the case of C. dissitifora. - YOUNG, NELSON D.*, CAROLINE YOON, AND MITRA AZODI. [S]
  504. Species delimitation and hybrid origins in North American Isoëtes based on LEAFY intron data. - HOOT, SARA B.*, W. CARL TAYLOR, AND E. WAGNER. [O]
  505. Sperm longevity and swimming distance in ferns. - NOTIS, CHRISTINE. [O]
  506. Spore morphology of heterosporous ferns and its possible implications for understanding the evolution of the seed habit. - SCHNEIDER, HARALD* AND KATHLEEN M. PRYER. [D]
  507. Sporophyll pinna meristem development in Ceratopteris richardii. - HILL, JEFFREY P. [D]
  508. Stem and nodal anatomy of the tribe Coccolobeae (Polygonaceae). - FREID, ETHAN. [S]
  509. Stem, node, petiole, and leaf anatomy of Coccolobeae (Polygonaceae) and its systematic implications. - FREID, ETHAN. [S]
  510. Structural and functional diversification of the YABBY gene family across angiosperms. - KUZOFF, ROBERT K.*, JOHN L. BOWMAN, AND CHARLES S. GASSER. [D]
  511. Structural evolution of seeds in gymnosperms. - TARBAEVA, VERONICA. [D]
  512. Structural Fruit Color in Delarbrea michieana (Araliaceae). - LEE, DAVID W.*, GEORGE T. TAYLOR, AND ANTHONY K. IRVINE. [D]
  513. Structure of the Banana Inflorescence, The. - KIRCHOFF, BRUCE*, SONJA CAUBLE, ELIZABETH SHELTON, AND ALLYSON PREVETTE. [D]
  514. Studies on spore morphology of the genera Trematodon and Microcampylopus (Dicranaceae) from China by SEM. - YU, JING*, TONG CAO, AND QUANXI WANG. [L]
  515. Studies on sporophytic characters in Frullaniaceae (Hepaticae) using novel techniques. - VON KONRAT, MATTHEW J.* AND JOHN E. BRAGGINS. [L]
  516. Successional patterns of microbiotic crusts in ponderosa pine forests of southern inland British Columbia. - WILLISTON, PATRICK S. [L]
  517. Supermerous corollas, fleshy fruits, and pantropical biogeography in Anthocleista, Fagraea, and Potalia (Gentianaceae). - STRUWE, LENA* AND VICTOR A. ALBERT. [S]
  518. Survey of the diverse middle Eocene wood assemblage of the Clarno Formation, northcentral Oregon. - WHEELER, ELISABETH A.* AND STEVEN R. MANCHESTER. [F]
  519. Survivorship of woody plant seeds in bald cypress swamps in southern Illinois. - FESSEL, KEITH E.* AND BETH A. MIDDLETON. [E]
  520. Symbiotic fungal associations in liverworts. - RUSSELL, ANGELA J.*, RIADH FRANCIS, ROBERTO LIGRONE, JEFFREY G. DUCKETT, AND DAVID READ. [L]
  521. Systematic implications of seed coat morphology in Cyanea and allied genera of Lobelioideae (Campanulaceae). - BUSS, CRAIG C., THOMAS G. LAMMERS*, AND ROBERT R. WISE. [S]
  522. Systematics and classification of Hawaiian Sesbania (Fabaceae). - RANKER, TOM A.*, KENDRA A. MINGO, CHRISSEN E. C. GEMMILL, AND WINONA CHAR. [S]
  523. Systematics and evolution of ant-leaves in the genus Dischidia (Asclepiadaceae). - LIVSHULTZ, TATYANA. [S]
  524. Systematics of Aristolochiaceae: Molecular Evidence. - NEINHUIS 1, CHRISTOPH*, KHIDIR, W. HILU 2, AND THOMAS BORSCH 1. [S]
  525. Systematics of Browallia Linnaeus (Solanaceae, Cestroideae), inferences from morphological data. - JENKINS, PHILIP D. [S]
  526. Systematics of Chloris (Chloridoideae; Poaceae) and related genera: evidence from nuclear ITS and chloroplast matK sequences. - ALICE, LAWRENCE A.*, GERASSIMO G. BORNEO, AND KHIDIR W. HILU. [S]
  527. Systematics of Deprea and Larnax (Solanaceae). - SAWYER, NEIL W.*, DONALD H. LES, AND GREGORY J. ANDERSON. [S]
  528. Systematics, biogeography, and evolutionary trends in the North American species of Froelichia (Amaranthaceae). - MCCAULEY, ROSS A.* AND HARVEY E. BALLARD. [S]
  529. Taxonomic diversity among Late Pennsylvanian conifers at Hamilton, Kansas. - LIU, ZHAO HUA*, GENE MAPES, AND GAR W. ROTHWELL. [F]
  530. Taxonomic limits and phylogenetic affinities of Saltugilia: molecular and morphological support for generic recognition apart from Gilia. - WEESE, TERRI L.* AND LEIGH A. JOHNSON. [S]
  531. Taxonomic revision of the genus Fossombronia, suborder Fossombroniineae in Africa, A. - CARGILL, D. CHRISTINE. [L]
  532. Taxonomic, phytogeographic and ecological significance of the Yakima Canyon flora (middle Miocene, Washington state, USA). - PIGG, KATHLEEN B.* AND MARIA TCHEREPOVA. [F]
  533. Teaching principles of fluid dynamics using xylem and transpiration measurements. - RICE, STANLEY A. [T]
  534. Tectonism and its impact on the biogeography of South America. - DEVORE, MELANIE L. [S]
  535. Temporal changes in germinability and light response of seeds of six common weed species. - LI, XIAOJIE* AND STEVEN A. FENNIMORE. [E]
  536. Tendril development in Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn. (Polygonaceae). - GERRATH, JEAN M. [D]
  537. Testing hypotheses of hybrid speciation in peonies (Paeonia; Paeoniaceae) using the low-copy nuclear gene alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh). - FERGUSON, DIANE M.* AND TAO SANG. [S]
  538. Torreya case indicates autonomy of shoot apical meristem generating phyllotaxy. - BANASIAK, ALICJA, S.* AND BEATA ZAGóRSKA-MAREK. [D]
  539. Tracing the origin of the Macaronesian endemic genus Bystropogon (Lamiaceae). - TRUSTY, JENNIFER L.*, DAVID J. BOGLER, ARNOLDO SANTOS-GUERRA, RICHARD G. OLMSTEAD, AND JAVIER FRANCISCO-ORTEGA. [S]
  540. Tracking the radiation and regional extinctions of the genus Cunninghamia (Taxodiaceae). - KESTER, PAUL R. [F]
  541. Tribes and clades within Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae: the contribution of molecular data. - DOWNIE, STEPHEN R. [S]
  542. Trochodendron (Trochodendraceae) from the early middle Eocene Republic Flora, Washington, USA. - PIGG, KATHLEEN B.* AND WESLEY C. WEHR. [F]
  543. Turonian inflorescence bearing perigynous flowers of a lower rosid affinity, A. - BORGARDT, SANDRA J.*, KEVIN C. NIXON, AND WILLIAM L. CREPET. [F]
  544. Twenty-five years of forest succession in southeastern Indiana. - MACMILLAN, PAUL C.* AND LINDSAY M. BETZ. [E]
  545. Two new species of Charliea from Pennsylvanian - Permian strata of New Mexico and Utah. - TIDWELL, WILLIAM D.*, SIDNEY R. ASH, AND LEITH S. TIDWELL. [F]
  546. Typical orchid mycorrhiza and protocorm seedling biology found in Neuwiedia. - KRISTIANSEN, KIM A. [D]
  547. Ultrastructural variability of lower Paleozoic trilete spores. - TAYLOR, WILSON. [F]
  548. Ultrastructure of the spermatozoid of Diphasiastrum digitatum. - SCHUETTE, S.W.*, A.R. MADEN, D.P. WHITTIER, AND K.S. RENZAGLIA. [O]
  549. Underground distribution and abundance of Botrychium gametophytes and juvenile sporophytes. - JOHNSON-GROH, CINDY, L., LAURA SCHOESSLER*, CHANDA RIEDEL, AND KRISSA SKOGEN. [O-symposium]
  550. Untangling the catbriers: phylogenetic studies in Smilacaceae. - CAMERON, KENNETH M.* AND CHENGXIN FU. [S]
  551. Unusual androecium and pollination system in Cochliostema (Commelinaceae), The. - HARDY, CHRISTOPHER R.* AND DENNIS WM. STEVENSON. [D]
  552. Use of investigative biology exercises in freshman labs improves the retention of biology majors in advanced courses, The. - HIRREL, MARC C. AND JOHN S. CHOINSKI.* [T]
  553. Use of multivariate analysis in reconstructing fossil conifers. - HERNANDEZ-CASTILLO, GENARO RODRIGO. [F]
  554. Use of nrITS sequence data for phylogenetic analysis of the Lysipomia sphagnophila (Campanulaceae) species complex. - MERMELL, LESLY P.* AND TINA J. AYERS. [S]
  555. Using ISSR markers in studies of natural populations. - WOLFE, ANDREA D. [-symposium]
  556. Using the plastochron index to improve student's understanding of exponential plant growth and the use of logarithms. - MUELLER, RICHARD J. [T]
  557. Utility of petrographic thin section analysis of fossil plant material and associated sediments in taphonomic studies: An example from the Oligocene of Texas. - FREILE, DEBORAH* AND MELANIE DEVORE. [F]
  558. Variation in fluctuating asymmetry among genotypes of Glechoma hederacea. - WILSON, CHESTER E.* AND ERIN L. BRASSIL. [E]
  559. Variation of stigma characters in relation to their function. - DULBERGER, RIVKA. [D]
  560. Vascular flora of the Liebre Mountains, Western Transverse Ranges, California. - BOYD, STEVE. [S]
  561. Vascular homodromy in branching shoots of conifers. - ZAGóRSKA-MAREK, BEATA AND ALICJA, S. BANASIAK.* [D]
  562. Vegetation transect of the south slope of Pine Mountain, Kentucky: changes since E. Lucy Braun and chestnut blight, A. - HAWKINS, TRACY S. [E]
  563. Viability analysis of a restored population of the federal threatened Pitcher's Thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) in Illinois. - BELL1, TIMOTHY J.*, MARLIN BOWLES2, JENNY MCBRIDE2, AND KAYRI HAVENS3. [E]
  564. Why is that cell red? A microtechnique based approach for teaching a plant anatomy lab. - GIBSON, J. PHIL. [T]
  565. Why so many dioecious species in Siparunaceae (Laurales)? - WON, HYOSIG* AND SUSANNE S. RENNER. [S]
  566. Widespread sporophyte abortion following summer rains in Mojave Desert populations of Grimmia orbicularis. - STARK, LLOYD R. [L]
  567. "You say you want a (Re)volution": (Re)inventing Systematics. - SYTSMA, KENNETH J.* AND J. CHRIS PIRES. [S-symposium]